Essay On Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Biography

British people ruled India for almost 200 years and to make India independent and to break free from the British rule many freedom fighters sacrificed their lives. Independent India is the result of a decade-long fight with the British rule. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was the founding father of the Republic of India who played a key role in the contest struggle for independence and its integration into a united independent Nation. This article will provide you with the core information about  Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and it will help you to build a better speech and write a perfect essay for the speech and essay competitions organized by your school or college. You can modify the information according to your needs because speeches and essays have a different structure.

Beginning of the speech on Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Good morning everyone, honorable chief guests, respected principal, teachers and my dear friends today I am going to talk about one of the leaders who played it all in the battle of independence of India which is Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. Now, I would like to start my speech.

Introduction

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was a strong leader, an ambitious personality. The word “Sardar” itself means a chief, a leader. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was one of the leading figures in the battle for the independence of India. He was the first Home Minister and first Deputy Prime Minister of India. People used to call him as the Ironman(Lohpurush) of India.Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was born on 31st October 1875, in Nadiad village in Gujarat. Is childhood was spent in the countryside of Gujarat. His father’s name was Jhaverbhai Patel who was a farmer and his mother’s name was Laadbai.

He passed his matriculation exam at the age of 22. He spent many years away from his family and home to complete his education. In the initial years, he used to practice law as a successful and skilled lawyer. In 1909, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel’s wife, Jhaverba, was hospitalized in Bombay for her operation of cancer. Despite the successful surgery, she died in hospital. When he got the news of his wife’s demise he was in the middle of a trial in the courtroom and it is said that he read the note of his wife’s death news, put it in his pockets and continued the trial in the courtroom. He was very passionate and determined about his work.
At the age of 36, he went to England for his further studies completed a course of 30 months and return to India to become one of the most successful barristers in Ahmedabad.

After winning the election in 1917 he became the sanitation commissioner of Ahmedabad and later was introduced to Mahatma Gandhi and his Satyagraha movement and supported him. After independence in the Congress president election, Patel stepped down in favor of Nehru at the request of Gandhi and he played a key role in the integration of the princely states into the Indian Federation, hence he was called as the unifier of India.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel died on 15 December 1950 at the age of 75 at Birla House, Mumbai. After his death, in 1991 he was awarded India’s highest civilian honor Bharat Ratna. In 2014, his birthday 31 October was celebrated as “Rashtriya Ekta Diwas”( National Unity Day).

He is still remembered by his work and the contribution in the battle of independence of India.

End of the speech on Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

The independent India we live in today is the result of sacrifices made by the freedom fighters and we will always remember their work. On this note, I would like to end my speech. I would like to thank our honorable chief guest, respected principal and teachers for giving me the opportunity to deliver my speech. Thank you. Jai Hind Jai Bharat.

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Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, popularly known as ‘the Iron Man of India’, was a great freedom activist and leader of the Indian National Congress. Let’s have a look at his childhood, family life & achievements.

Date of Birth: 31 October 1875

Place of Birth: Nadiad, Bombay Presidency (present day Gujarat)

Parents: Zaverbhai Patel (father) and Ladbai (mother)

Spouse: Jhaverba

Children: Maniben Patel, Dahyabhai Patel

Education: N. K. High school, Petlad; Inns of Court, London, England

Association: Indian National Congress

Movement: Indian Independence Struggle

Political Ideology: Moderate, Right-wing

Religious Beliefs: Hinduism

Publications: Ideas of a Nation: Vallabhai Patel, The Collected Works of Vallabhbhai Patel, 15 volumes

Passed Away: 15 December 1950 

Memorial: SardarVallabhbhai Patel National Memorial, Ahmedabad, Gujarat

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Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel is a revered name in Indian politics. A lawyer and a political activist, he played a leading role during the Indian Independence Movement. After independence, he was crucial in the integration of over 500 princely states into the Indian Union. He was deeply influenced by Gandhi’s ideology and principles, having worked very closely with leader. Despite being the choice of the people, on the request of Mahatma Gandhi, Sardar Patel stepped down from the candidacy of Congress President, which ultimately turned out to be the election to choose the first Prime Minister of independent India. He was the first Home Minister of Independent India and his uncompromising efforts towards consolidation of the country earned him the title ‘Iron Man of India’. 

Childhood & Early Life

Vallabhbhai Patel was born on October 31, 1875 in Nadiad village of modern day Gujarat to Zaverbhai and Ladbai. Vallabhbhai, his father had served in the army of the Queen of Jhansi while his mother was a very spiritual woman.

Starting his academic career in a Gujarati medium school, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel later shifted to an English medium school. In 1897, Vallabhbhai passed his high school and started preparing for law examination. He went to pursue a degree in law and travelled to England in 1910. He completed his law degree in 1913 from Inns of Court and came back to India to start his law practice in Godhra, Gujarat. For his legal proficiency, Vallabhbhai was offered many lucrative posts by the British Government but he rejected all. He was a staunch opponent of the British government and its laws and therefore decided not to work for the British.

In 1891 he married Zaverbai and the couple had two children. 

Patel shifted his practice to Ahmedabad. He became a member of the Gujarat Club where he attended a lecture by Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhi’s words deeply affected Vallabhbai and he soon adopted Gandhian principles to become a staunch follower of the charismatic leader.

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Role in the Indian National Movement

In 1917, Sardar Vallabhbhai was elected as the Secretary of the Gujarat Sabha, the Gujarat wing of the Indian National Congress. In 1918, he led a massive "No Tax Campaign" that urged the farmers not to pay taxes after the British insisted on tax after the floods in Kaira. The peaceful movement forced the British authorities to return the land taken away from the farmers. His effort to bring together the farmers of his area brought him the title of 'Sardar'. He actively supported the non-cooperation Movement launched by Gandhi. Patel toured the nation with him, recruited 300,000 members and helped collect over Rs. 1.5 million.

In 1928, the farmers of Bardoli again faced a problem of "tax-hike". After prolonged summons, when the farmers refused to pay the extra tax, the government seized their lands in retaliation. The agitation took on for more than six months. After several rounds of negotiations by Patel, the lands were returned to farmers after a deal was struck between the government and farmers’ representatives.

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In 1930, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was among the leaders imprisoned for participating in the famous Salt Satyagraha movement initiated by Mahatma Gandhi. His inspiring speeches during the "Salt Movement" transformed the outlook of numerous people, who later played a major role in making the movement successful. He led the Satyagraha movement across Gujarat when Gandhi was under imprisonment, upon request from the congress members. 

Sardar Patel was freed in 1931, following an agreement signed between Mahatma Gandhi and Lord Irwin, the then Viceroy of India. The treaty was popularly known as the Gandhi-Irwin Pact. The same year, Patel was elected as the President of Indian National Congress in its Karachi session where the party deliberated its future path. Congress committed itself towards defence of fundamental and human rights. It was in this session that the dream of a secular nation was conceived. 

During the legislative elections of 1934, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel campaigned for the Indian National Congress. Though he did not contest, Sardar Patel helped his fellow party mates during the election.

In the 1942 Quit India Movement, Patel continued his unwavering support to Gandhi when several contemporary leaders criticized the latter’s decision. He continued travelling throughout the country propagating the agenda of the movement in a series of heart-felt speeches. He was arrested again in 1942 and was imprisoned in the Ahmednagar fort till 1945 along with other Congress leaders.

Sardar Patel’s journey often saw a number of confrontations with other important leaders of the congress. He voiced his annoyance at Jawaharlal Nehru openly when the latter adopted socialism in 1936. Patel was also wary of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose and considered him to be "keen on more power within the party”.


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Sardar Patel & the Partition of India

The separatist movement lead by Muslim League leader Mohammed Ali Jinnah led to a series of violent Hindu-Muslim riots across the country just before the independence. In Sardar Patel’s opinion, the open communal conflicts incited by the riots had the potential to establish a weak Government at the centre post-independence which will be disastrous for consolidating a democratic nation. Patel went on to work on a solution with V.P. Menon, a civil servant during December 1946 and accepted his suggestion of creating a separate dominion based on religious inclination of states. He represented India in the Partition Council.

Contributions to Post-independence India

After India achieved independence, Patel became the first Home Minister and also the Deputy Prime Minister. Patel played a very crucial role in post-independence India by successfully integrating around 562 princely states under the Indian Dominion. The British Government had presented these rulers with two alternatives - they could join India or Pakistan; or they could stay independent. This clause magnified the difficulty of process to mammoth proportions. Congress entrusted this intimidating task to Sardar Patel who started lobbying for integration on August 6, 1947. He was successful in integrating all of them barring Jammu and Kashmir, Junagarh and Hyderabad. He eventually dealt with the situation with his sharp political acumen and secured their accession. The India that we see today was a result of the efforts put in by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.

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Patel was a leading member of the Constituent Assembly of India and Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was appointed on his recommendation. He was the key force in establishing the Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Police Service. He took personal interest in initiating a restoration endeavour of the Somnath Temple in Saurashtra, Gujarat. Patel dealt ruthlessly with the Pakistan’s efforts to invade Kashmir in September 1947. He oversaw immediate expansion of the army and marked improvement of other infrastructural aspects. He often disagreed with Nehru’s policies, especially about his dealings with Pakistan regarding the refugee issues. He organised multiple refugee camps in Punjab and Delhi, and later in West Bengal.

Influence of Gandhi

Gandhi had profound effect on Patel’s politics and thoughts. He pledged unwavering support to the Mahatma and stood by his principles all through his life. While leaders including Jawaharlal Nehru, Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari and Maulana Azad criticized Mahatma Gandhi's idea that the civil disobedience movement would compel the British to leave the nation, Patel extended his support to Gandhi. Despite the unwillingness of the Congress High Command, Mahatma Gandhi and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel strongly forced the All India Congress Committee to ratify the civil disobedience movement and launch it without delaying further. Upon Gandhi’s request he gave up his candidacy for the post of the Prime Minister of India. He suffered a major heart attack after Gandhi’s death.  Although he recovered, he attributed it to having lamented silently for the loss of his mentor.

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Death

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel's health started declining in 1950. He realized that he was not going to live much longer. On 2nd November 1950, his health deteriorated further and he was confined to bed. After suffering a massive heart attack, on 15 December 1950, the great soul left the world. He was posthumously conferred the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest Civilian honour, in 1991. His birthday, October 31, was declared Rashtriya Ekta Divas in 2014.





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