Louisiana Purchase 1803 Essay Scholarships

Louisiana Scholarships

The Bayou State of Louisiana is the 25th most populous state in the US. Louisiana was purchased from the French in 1803 for about $15 million – although this included the entire Louisiana territory. The French then used this money to buy more frilly stocking, wigs and velvet doublets, thereby ensuring that the French would look silly well into the 20th century.

The state offers a plethora of scholarship options for students studying or living in Louisiana. One program is the Taylor Opportunity Program for Students (TOPS). The TOPS program offers substantial funds for students who meet a minimum set of academic criteria and are planning on attending school in state.

Other private and public scholarships are also available. Some funds are designed to attract degree candidates to certain professions, such as resource management, farming or education. Other programs exist that have more rigid academic criteria and still others are for general financial need.

To find out more about the complete range of scholarship opportunities in the state of Louisiana, continue with the links below.

Rockefeller State Wildlife Scholarship

The Rockefeller State Wildlife Scholarship is a competitive scholarship that awards $2000 annually for an undergraduate student and $3,000 annually to a graduate student pursuing a degree in forestry, wildlife or marine science at a Louisiana Public College or University. The cumulative maximum award is $12,000 for up to three years of undergraduate study and two years of graduate study. Standard Eligibility Requirements - Be a U.S. citizen or national or eligible non-citizen and be registered with Selective Service if required - Be a Louisiana resident for at least one year prior to July 1st of the scholarship award year - Complete and submit such documentary evidence as required by LASFAC - Be enrolled as a full-time undergraduate or graduate student in a Louisiana Public College or University majoring in forestry, wildlife or marine science with the intent of obtaining a degree in that field. Undergraduate students must have earned at least 60 hours of college credit and have at least a 2.50 cumulative college GPA. - As a graduate student have at least a 3.00 cumulative college GPA on all credits earned in graduate school

The Todd Poche Endowed Scholarship

Scholarships awarded to occupational therapy students within the state of Louisiana. Scholarship amount TBD.

Associated Grocer – Sam S. Politz Scholarship Fund

Each year, subject to availability of funds, two to four college scholarships are awarded to high school graduates or graduating high school seniors enrolling full-time in an accredited college or university. Each scholarship is for eight consecutive semesters, $1,000 per semester, for a maximum total scholarship award of $8,000. (Fall and Spring semesters only.) Recipients must maintain a 3.0 GPA per semester/quarter and full-time status to continue receiving the scholarship. SCHOLARSHIP INFORMATION The Fund provides scholarships to assist graduating/graduated high school students who will enroll full time in an accredited college or university. Scholarship awards shall be used toward the following, in order of priority: tuition and fees; books and supplies; room and board; and commuting expenses up to fifty dollars a month. The recipients are selected by a Scholarship Advisory Committee made up of local educators. Two to four scholarships are awarded each year, subject to availability of funds. Each scholarship is for eight consecutive semesters, $1,000 per semester, for a maximum total scholarship award of $8,000. (Fall and Spring semesters only.) To maintain the scholarship, each recipient must maintain full time status as an undergraduate student and must earn a minimum GPA of 3.0 per semester/quarter. Students must provide the Foundation with an official transcript and proof of full time enrollment every semester to receive payment. CRITERIA In making its decision, the Scholarship Advisory Committee shall use the following criteria: —ACT score and GPA (Preference is given to students with a minimum ACT score of 20 and a minimum GPA of 3.0.) —Availability and enrollment in “honors” or “advanced placement” courses —Quality of letter of recommendation from high school principal or guidance counselor —Acceptance into accredited college or university

Innovation in Education Scholarship

LA Tutors awards a monthly $500 Innovation Scholarship to high school and college students who showcase their creativity and make a positive impact.

Louisiana Go Grant Program

The purpose of this program is to provide a need-based component to the state's financial aid plan to support nontraditional and low to moderate-income students who need additional aid to afford the cost of attending college. Eligibility To be eligible for a Louisiana Go Grant, a student must: Be a Louisiana Resident;* File a Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA); Receive a federal Pell grant; Have remaining financial need after deducting Estimated Family Contribution (EFC) and all federal/state/institutional grant or scholarship aid ("gift aid") from student's Cost of Attendance (COA); Be a student enrolled in an eligible Louisiana institution on at least a half-time basis (minimum 6 hours at semester school or 4 hours at a quarter school). Award Amounts ** Award amounts to eligible students are based on the institution's allocation and their packaging policy. Awards may vary with each academic year. Awards will not be paid for summers sessions, quarters or terms. Maximum and minimum annual award amounts for the Academic Year: • Minimum Annual Award $300 • Maximum Annual Award $3,000 Renewal Requirements Must file a FAFSA or the Renewal FAFSA at least annually; Continue to receive a Federal Pell Grant; Have remaining financial need after deducting Estimated Family Contribution (EFC) and all federal/state/institutional grant or scholarship aid ("gift aid") from student's Cost of Attendance (COA). The Award can be renewed for subsequent years to a maximum lifetime award that correlates to that of the Federal Pell Grant. *Residency: Louisiana resident as of the day the FAFSA is filed and Louisiana is the student's true and fixed domicile as reported on the FAFSA. If student's state of residence on the FAFSA is not reported as LA, but a dependent student claims that a non-custodial parent is a Louisiana resident, or that parents are Louisiana residents living out of state, LOSFA will determine residency based on the completion, by the parents, of a residency affidavit. ** Students should check with the financial aid office at the school they plan to attend regarding policy on award calculation and distribution.

Fastline Publications Scholarship

ELIGIBILITY: Pursuing a four-year degree in agricultural business/farm/livestock or ranch management or agricultural sales and marketing. Seventeen $1,000 scholarships to a member from Illinois; Indiana; Iowa; Kansas; Kentucky; West Virginia, Virginia, North Carolina or South Carolina; Arkansas, Louisiana or Mississippi; Missouri; Nebraska; Pennsylvania or New York; Washington, Oregon or Idaho; Ohio; Oklahoma; Alabama, Georgia or Florida; Tennessee; Texas; Wisconsin. In addition, seven scholarships are available to FFA members pursuing a two-year degree in agricultural business/farm/livestock or ranch management or agricultural sales and marketing to the states of Kansas; Kentucky; Nebraska; Ohio; Oklahoma; Texas; Alabama, Georgia or Florida. Applicants must live on a family farm, exhibit strong leadership skills, financial need and demonstrate interest in managing a farm.AWARD: 24 scholarships at $1,000 each, non-renewable.

MetLife Foundation Scholarship

ELIGIBILITY: Pursuing a four-year degree in select areas of agriculture, agribusiness management, communications, education, journalism, extension, public relations, finance, economics, sales, marketing, engineering, mechanization, technology, plant pathology, plant/animal breeding and genetics, range/soil science or public service and administration in agriculture. Resident of Alabama, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Washington, Wisconsin or Wyoming required. No more than one scholarship per state.AWARD: 10 scholarships at $2,000 each, non-renewable.

Charles P. Lake - Rain for Rent Scholarship

ELIGIBILITY: One scholarship to applicants pursuing a four-year degree in general agriculture, agricultural business management, agricultural engineering, agriculture power and equipment or soil or water conservation with preference to those specializing in irrigation and soil technology. Must be a resident of Arizona, California or Idaho. One scholarship to applicants pursuing a four-year degree in environmental engineering. Must be a resident of Illinois, Louisiana or Texas. All applicants must have completed freshman year and have a minimum 3.0 GPA on a 4.0 scale required. Applicants will be considered on the basis of scholastic achievement, leadership skills, community involvement, then financial need. Recipients must be willing to provide a picture for publicity purposes and tour a Rain for Rent facility.AWARD: Two scholarships at $1,000 each, non-renewable.

Clubs of America

Eligible students will: Write an essay of no fewer than 600 words about their career aspirations and how their current course load will help them achieve success in their careers. Where do you see yourself 10 years from now? Thinking outside the box is encouraged! Email their essay as a .doc or .pdf attachment to: scholarship@greatclubs.com YouTube submissions are optional, although not required. Video should be no longer than 5 minutes. (Essays submitted via YouTube must also be submitted in writing.)

Betty Black Hatchett Scholarship

Graduate or undergraduate; must reside in or attend school in Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Oklahoma, or Arkansas

Lucile Moore Garrett Scholarship

Graduate or undergraduate either residing in or attending school in Texas, Oklahoma, Mississippi, Arkansas, or Louisiana.

Marilyn Chesher Lynch Scholarship

Alumnae member living in and attending school in Texas, Oklahoma, Mississippi, Arkansas, or Louisiana. Active member of alumnae group.

Morna Elizabeth Dusenbury Memorial Scholarship

Awarded to Alpha Phi/Tulane undergraduate member. ELIGIBILITY -Initiated members, collegian and alumnae, of Kappa Alpha Theta in good standing with the Fraternity. -New members may apply, but should be initiated by the application deadline. -Applicants who expect to have eligible academic expenses not funded by other scholarships or grants in the academic year for which they are applying.

Nancy Cochran Abbey Scholarship

Undergraduate Theta attending school in Texas or Louisiana. ELIGIBILITY -Initiated members, collegian and alumnae, of Kappa Alpha Theta in good standing with the Fraternity. -New members may apply, but should be initiated by the application deadline. -Applicants who expect to have eligible academic expenses not funded by other scholarships or grants in the academic year for which they are applying.

Virginia Bryant Shilstone Scholarship

Undergraduate or graduate member of chapters in Texas, Oklahoma, Mississippi, Louisiana, or Arkansas.

LBF Kids' Chance Scholarship Program

The LBF Kids' Chance Scholarship Program is helping kids achieve their dreams. The program provides scholarships to the children of Louisiana workers who have been killed or permanently and totally disabled in an accident compensable under a state or federal Workers' Compensation Act or law. Since 2004. Basic Eligibility Requirements: Must be a dependent of a worker killed or permanently and totally disabled in an accident compensable under a state or federal Worker's Compensation Act or law. Must be a Louisiana resident between the ages of 16 and 25. Must maintain a "C" average or higher. Must be pursuing a primary college or university degree (bachelor's or associate's) or vocational education and training (certificate or license) from an accredited Louisiana university, community, technical or vocational college and/or state approved proprietary school. Must demonstrate substantial financial need.

Patrick F. Taylor Foundation Scholarship

The Patrick F. Taylor Foundation offers individual scholarships to graduating Louisiana high school students attending a four-year Louisiana undergraduate institution, based on financial need and academic performance. Only applicants meeting the following criteria will be reviewed: Must be a United States citizen and a Resident of Louisiana Earn a 2.5 cumulative high school grade point average or higher Earn an ACT score of 18 or better Completion of an advanced 19 unit TOPS core curriculum Must have graduated from a Louisiana high school and be able to submit final transcript Have received letter of acceptance to a Louisiana college or university Must be able to provide information regarding amounts of financial assistance (college, federal and state grant awards) Must show proof of financial need – submit copy of Student Aid Report (SAR) Must submit one character-reference letter

Society of Louisiana CPAs Scholarship

Each year LCPA offers $1000s in scholarships to accounting majors in Louisiana in varying quantity and amount depending on the number of qualifying applicants. LCPA scholarships are generously funded through private donations from our members. To date, we’ve awarded approximately $275,000! Qualifications for LCPA Scholarships Louisiana domicile Enrolled in an accounting program in a Louisiana four-year college or university when the application is filed. "Accounting program” refers to an "accounting major” or its equivalence. Be at least a fifth semester (or equivalent) student by the fall of the academic year in which the application is filed. Graduate or fifth year students working towards the 150-hour requirement may also apply. Students in a doctoral program are strongly encouraged to apply. One scholarship will be designated specifically for a graduate student working towards a Ph.D. Students who received scholarships in prior years may reapply for additional awards. However, students who previously won the Christopher E. "Kit” Smith Sr., Alex L. Postlethwaite, Richard J. Roth Jr., or the C. Will Elliott memorial scholarship are not eligible to receive a memorial scholarship in a future year. Academic merit, achievement, and essay: Academic merit: Sponsorship by two accounting faculty members. Academic achievement: 2.50 or better on a grading scale of 4.00 (accounting and overall). Applicant must be enrolled in an accounting course at the time the scholarship is awarded and be a full-time student (enrolled in 12 semester hours or its equivalent).

PGM'S SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM

PGM’s Scholarship Program is now open to receive applications. There will be two (2) $1,500 scholarships for the 2016-2017 academic year. The first scholarship is open to undergraduate students pursuing a career in computer science and who demonstrate an interest in the health care industry. The second scholarship is open to graduate students entering into medical school or currently within their medical school program. The scholarship program here at PGM is competitive and will be based upon leadership, academics and achievements.

Parents, Families & Friends of Lesbians & Gays (PFLAG) - New Orleans Scholarship

PURPOSE: To recognize outstanding gay, lesbian bisexual, transgendered (GLBT) students from the community. To encourage continuing education for self-identified GLBT students. To foster a positive image of GLBT young people in society. ELIGIBILITY: Gay, lesbian, bisexual or transgendered (GLBT) students (17 years or older as of April 15, of the scholarship year). Applying to attend (or currently attending) a post-secondary educational institution. Cannot be a prior winner of this award, nor be receiving full tuition from another source. Must be a resident of the state of Louisiana at the time of application. Must submit an application with required supporting materials. Recipients must be present at awards event to accept scholarship in person at the award ceremony, usually the Saturday evening before Mother's Day. TERMS: Cash awards will be paid jointly to the student and the institution. The award must be used within two (2) years of receipt. CRITERIA FOR JUDGING APPLICATIONS: Affirmation of one's gay, lesbian, bisexual or transgendered identity. Demonstration of integrity and honesty. Participation and leadership in community activities. Determination and potential to achieve personal and academic goals. Demonstration of financial need. You can obtain scholarship information from: Your school counselor By download: Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader Welcome Letter Scholarship Requirements Scholarship Donors Application By email: Scholarship Committee Include your name, address, phone, and email address. Please indicate if it is OK to identify ourselves with PFLAG when we call. By mail: PFLAG/New Orleans Chapter Scholarship Selection Committee Post Office Box 15515 New Orleans, Louisiana 70175 Send completed application materials to the above address. For further information contact us by email at: Scholarship ChairPerson or by phone Joe at 504-944-6013 All applicants will be notified of results by the end of April.

Scholarships only applicable for specific counties within this state

The Lewis and Clark expedition is rightly considered one of the great American stories. In May of 1804 Meriwether Lewis and William Clark set off by keelboat up the Missouri River with thirty-one men, the “Corps of Discovery,” on an expedition authorized by Congress at the request of Thomas Jefferson. President Jefferson had instructed the two men, commissioned army captains, to ascend the Missouri to its source, then find the most accessible route across the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean. They were also to open peaceful relations with Native peoples, explore the possibilities of trade, and gather scientific information and examples of western flora and fauna. After a near-violent brush with the Teton Sioux (Lakota) and the expedition’s only death, probably from appendicitis, the Corps spent a frigid winter in a log fort they built at the villages of the Mandan and Hidatsa, near present-day Bismarck, North Dakota. During their stay they hired a trapper, Toussaint Charbonneau, and his Shoshoni wife, Sacagawea, as interpreters and guides. In April 1805 they resumed their ascent of the Missouri.

Now they were in country previously unknown to white outsiders. Paddling canoes and dodging grizzly bears (the first seen by white Americans), the Corps made their way to the Missouri headwaters in the northern Rockies. The first American Indians they met were Shoshonis led, astonishingly, by Sacagawea’s brother, Cameahwait, whom she had not seen since the Blackfeet had captured her as a young girl. Lewis and Clark acquired horses from them, as well as the advice they used to cross the mountains that proved a far more difficult barrier than they had expected. After descending the Columbia River, they spent a miserable second winter near its mouth, then retraced their outward journey. Lewis and three others had a brief fight with the Blackfeet that left two warriors dead during a detour up the Marias River, a northern tributary of the Missouri. It was the expedition’s only violent clash with American Indians. The rest of the journey was uneventful, and in September 1806, the Corps reached St. Louis, twenty-seven months after leaving it.

The expedition’s grip on the popular imagination is understandable. It features adventures and trials, close calls and improbable coincidences, exotic encounters and fascinating personalities. To tell its tale we have the superb journals of Lewis and Clark and a few of their fellow travelers. The very power of the story, however, is a shortcoming. Its high drama tempts us to see it as a mythic confrontation with a wilderness untrodden and untouched by a world outside, a land where history had not truly begun. That appeal is especially strong among Americans drawn to an episode that seems to give them a special claim to the land traversed by the captains, and beyond it to the West at large.

In fact, far from setting history in motion, Lewis and Clark were stepping into the middle of developments that had been gathering strength for generations, and as they did they introduced new influences, those of the young nation that a few generations later would dominate the land to the Pacific. When seen in context, the story of the Corps of Discovery becomes a revelation of the West at a moment of accelerating change.

As they moved up the Missouri, for instance, Lewis and Clark were tapping into an ancient and recently invigorated system of trade. The Mandan villages where they spent their first winter were a major transition point of commerce up and down the Missouri and overland to Canada and the southern plains. For a quarter century before the expedition, French and British traders had brought in goods ranging from firearms and copper bells to peppermint candy and corduroy trousers. Some of the horses the Corps acquired in the Rockies had been branded as colts in Spanish New Mexico. As they proceeded the captains found evidence of foreign presence—trade goods among peoples of the Columbia basin and, during their winter on the Pacific coast, a young woman with a British trader’s name, “J. Bowmon,” tattooed on her arm. As new players in an old trade, the Americans complicated an already complex arrangement. They were welcomed by groups like the Mandan, Shoshoni, and Nez Perce who were eager for fresh sources of goods, especially firearms. Groups that dominated the current system, on the other hand, were in no mood for competition. It was probably no coincidence that the captains’ most hostile reception was from the Teton Sioux, who controlled the cross-plains trade routes, and the Blackfeet, Britain’s prime partners.

The Blackfeet’s European connections are a reminder that the United States was only one of several outside powers looking covetously at the West. Jefferson knew well, in fact, that he was entering quite late into an imperial contest for the region. The immediate goad for organizing the expedition was a book by the British explorer Alexander Mackenzie, whose journey across Canada was the first continental crossing by a non-Indian. When Mackenzie recommended that England plant settlements in the Pacific Northwest, where Russians also had already had a vigorous trading presence, Jefferson decided he had to act. Closer to home, Spain and France had long vied for the allegiance of peoples on the Great Plains. An Indian delegation from Kansas and Missouri had once visited the French court, performing dances at the Paris opera and demonstrating riding skills in the royal woods. This was in 1724, eighty years before Lewis and Clark.

In 1763 France had ceded greater Louisiana, essentially the western watershed of the Mississippi River, to Spain, but in 1800 Napoleon got it back in an effort to re-establish a North American French empire. A looming war with England and a disastrous campaign to subdue the Caribbean island of Saint Domingue led Napoleon to make the stunning offer to sell Louisiana to the United States in 1803. Mere weeks before the Corps’ departure, the Louisiana Purchase was finalized. It doubled the size of the United States and projected it toward the Pacific. When Lewis and Clark began organizing their journey, they assumed they would be launching into foreign territory. Now they would be exploring a western portion of their own nation—country as unknown to its supposed owners as the far side of the moon.

The Louisiana Purchase instantly intensified America’s rivalry with one European power in particular—Spain. Jefferson thought the Missouri would open onto easy access to Spanish settlements in New Mexico (he was wrong). Spanish leaders feared that American settlers would wash across the Mississippi and threaten those settlements (they were right). The Spanish naturally saw the expedition as a challenge to their northern frontier. New Mexican authorities sent no fewer than four military units on failed efforts to arrest Lewis and Clark. Jefferson meanwhile sent two expeditions up the Red River, into what is today Louisiana, Arkansas, and Texas, to reconnoiter the border of New Spain. A third expedition under Lt. Zebulon Pike, dispatched by General James Wilkinson, ascended the Arkansas River, crossed the Rocky Mountains, and was seized in Spanish territory and taken to Mexico before being released. The United States was in a tense standoff with Spanish troops along the Louisiana-Texas border as Lewis and Clark arrived home in St. Louis—dramatic evidence that the captains had toured not a static wilderness but a land in flux.

Those changes only quickened in the years ahead. Lewis and Clark’s reports from the West quickly drew interest from what was arguably the biggest business in the Atlantic World—the fur trade. The demand for beaver hats in Europe and America had depleted the animal population in the eastern woodlands, and descriptions of country teeming with beavers sent freelance trappers into the West almost immediately. In 1810–1811 John Jacob Astor, head of the American Fur Company and America’s first millionaire, hatched an audacious scheme to use a post near the mouth of the Columbia River as the pivot of a trading system sending western beaver pelts in exchange for Asian spices and silks. After the War of 1812 thwarted that ambition, Great Britain’s North West and Hudson’s Bay Companies organized trapping brigades that dominated the Pacific Northwest until the 1820s, when other American businessmen, led by William Ashley and Andrew Henry of St. Louis, again entered the competition.

American “mountain men” fanned out across the West, trapping and searching for untapped beaver populations and gathering at annual rendezvous in the Rocky Mountains to exchange the year’s results for goods brought by wagon from St. Louis. Ranging widely across the region made them profit-driven explorers. Far more than Lewis and Clark and other government expeditions, mountain men filled in what had been empty spaces on the map of the far West.

Like Lewis and Clark, mountain men are often portrayed as mythic figures, in their case as men turning their backs on their society in pursuit of life in the wild. Wild some of them could be. In their buckskins and long hair most were certainly wild-looking. As workers in a global enterprise, however, they were harbingers of economic change, and they were some of the most effective agents in opening the region to the nation that had birthed them.

The changes at work in 1804, as the Corps of Discovery poled its way up the Missouri, still rippled through the region, but the youthful American republic was as a result in a far stronger position in its competition with its European rivals. Control of the West, however, remained with those whose land it had been for millennia.


Elliott West is Alumni Distinguished Professor of History at the University of Arkansas. He is author of, among other books, The Contested Plains: Indians, Goldseekers, and the Rush to Colorado (1998); The Way to the West: Essays on the Central Plains (1995); and, most recently, The Last Indian War: The Nez Perce Story (2009).

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Already have an account?

Please click here to login and access this page.

How to subscribe

Click here to get a free subscription if you are a K-12 educator or student, and here for more information on the Affiliate School Program, which provides even more benefits.

Otherwise, click here for information on a paid subscription for those who are not K-12 educators or students.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Become an Affiliate School to have free access to the Gilder Lehrman site and all its features.

Click here to start your Affiliate School application today! You will have free access while your application is being processed.

Individual K-12 educators and students can also get a free subscription to the site by making a site account with a school-affiliated email address. Click here to do so now!

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Why Gilder Lehrman?

Your subscription grants you access to archives of rare historical documents, lectures by top historians, and a wealth of original historical material, while also helping to support history education in schools nationwide. Click here to see the kinds of historical resources to which you'll have access and here to read more about the Institute's educational programs.

Individual subscription: $25

Click here to sign up for an individual subscription to the Gilder Lehrman site.

Make Gilder Lehrman your Home for History


Upgrade your Account

We're sorry, but it looks as though you do not have access to the full Gilder Lehrman site.

All K-12 educators receive free subscriptions to the Gilder Lehrman site, and our Affiliate School members gain even more benefits!

Comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *