A social problem is an unwanted situation that occurs in a society affecting a significant number of people and the community. The cause of social problems is by factors that are beyond society’s control thereby creating confusion of what is right and wrong, and people believe they should be corrected. Social problems comprise of; sexually transmitted diseases, antisocial behavior, poverty, crime, murder, drug abuse, sexual assault, alcoholism, bullying, rape, climate change, child labor among others.
Social problems arise due to various factors. Sociologists argue that the nature of society through its structure and culture facilitate an environment that promotes thriving of these problems. Firstly, is social change. The alteration of society’s values, a way of life, customs, traditions, and laws due to globalization and need to adopt new ways of life give rise to social problems. Social change elicits this by disturbing the organization of a society thereby creating confusion, rebellion, and resistance. These result in social problems such as hate crimes, murder, discrimination, child abuse, bullying, and drug abuse. For example, the move by the United States to recognize and legalize gay marriages brought a new era to people’s rights. However, not all celebrated the move. Some extremists and hate groups have carried out hate crimes, bullying, and murder against the LGBT community to display their displeasure.
Need an essay customized under your requirements? We can help you
Secondly, the contradiction of social systems whereby a society relies on, favors certain social groups, for instance, the employed and the educated and ignores the unemployed and the uneducated can cause social problems. The uneducated and the unemployed group maybe this way due to the society’s failure to offer them various opportunities due to poverty, neglect or family problems. Consequently, for them to feel accepted and fit in, they engage in socially unacceptable activities such as crime, social unrest, gang related activities and pornography to meet their responsibilities.
Bad cultures also accentuate the occurrence of social problems. Cultural events that gratify sex among the youth causes social problems such as abortion, sexually transmitted diseases, pornography and drug and substance abuse. Additionally, cultures that create no barriers among children and the youth through increasingly busy parents who spend less time guiding and nurturing their offspring create problems. First, moral decay develops as these kids, and young people are left to the mercies of devices such as television, and the internet. Thus, they pick up unwanted social problems such as drug and substance abuse, watching of pornography, experimenting with sex.
Social issues affect the society by causing many repercussions. First, it creates disharmony among the people elicited by suspicion and hostility in cases where issues such as criminal activities, hate crimes, harassment, and rape occur. Secondly, they cause suffering and misery among people. A society full of fear of each other, where some cause harm or hate results in the suffering of the inhabitants. Thirdly, the social problems disadvantage a society, as they do not solve any problems but create others that become foundations of worse issues. Fourthly, they make it impossible to address them. Social problems are not universal to every society and tend to change rapidly. Hence, concentrating on solving one is difficult as others arise and cause more harm than the previous one.
Social problems can be solved by first, identifying the root causes of these problems. For example, watching of pornography, abortions and drug abuse among the youths may be due to lack of guidance and counseling. Therefore, programs aimed at creating awareness and educating the youths on these social problems can be created. Secondly, the creation of social support systems such as healthcare, rehabilitation, and employment services to solve alcoholism, drug abuse, and criminal activities.
Essay about Social Issues
661 Words3 Pages
Poverty, violence, crime and racism are major social problems. If we look at the definition of what a social problem is, according to James M. Henslin,"A social problem isan aspect of society that people are concerned about and would like changed. Social problems begin with an objective condition, some aspect of society that can be measured or experienced...The second key element of a social problem is subjective concern, the concern that a significant number of people (or a number of significant people) have about the condition"(Social Problems,2003,p.3). Steinberg believes that disengagement has what it takes to not only be a general social problem but says it is as major as the issues I stated in the beginning. Steinberg (1996)…show more content…
The data states,"At the elementary and middle school levels,American student achievement is as uniformly low and stagnant as it is at the high school level(p.34). The NAEP also presents the trend of "achievement scores broken down by type of community"(p.34) and from what Steinberg says, based on the data, there is no way we can fool ourselves into thinking that our "educational problems are limited to poor, minority youngsters attending inner-city schools" (p.35).
According to Steinberg, todays students don't know as much, and can't do as much as could their counterparts 25 years ago (p.183). This fact alone puts us in jeopardy, for as the success of America's economy will more and more come to depend upon highly skilled employees, our competitiveness will be linked more to our ability to bring forth a highly educated work force (p.38). Because of this disengagement problem, America will fall behind on the international level because our students are ill-equipped. "Analysts agree today that America will not be able to compete successfully in the international marketplace without substantially increasing the skill level and knowledge of its labor force"(p.38).
It's no question that the economic costs to our economy will be greatly due to this trend of declining achievement. According to Steinberg there are already "immediate costs to American