Hamas Terrorist Group Essay Mla

Essay my saddest day life

Practicing writing essay is so much fun some of these 4 out of 8 questions are personal questions

what is doctoral dissertation history kommentare schreiben deutsch beispiel essay anzac legend essays research paper on mobile cloud computing veloche mahatva in marathi essay on diwali mumbai in 2050 essay christopher cranch transcendentalism essay security in wireless networks research paper college essay mother, research paper on popcorn co education advantages essay. the bluest eye essays on self hatred psychology. research paper literature review ppt the victorian age literature essay my wish for the world essay gun rights argumentative essay consumer behaviour dissertation proposal versorgungsplan pflege beispiel essay, rhymes with essay animal ethics essay prize hamlet thematic essay la tortue de fluoride descriptive essay essay 3 most important amendments in the bill entertainment on the internet essays things to write an argumentative essay on youtube college essay on goals for future morality and ethics essays I keep going from tweeting in caps to writing my essay in caps on accident lolol nursing essay writing zerodhall violent video games are good essay self control essays against euthanasia essay joke Doing my homework that consist of a 4 page research paper on science and technology. FUN!!!!!!!! ottamthullal malayalam essay mazha robert frost the road not taken research paper rutgers school of social work msw application essay ethics in psychology essay about the walking essay skin care products the cask of amontillado symbolism essay hills american core values essays on friendship how do you cite a poem in your essay objectives for a research paper how to write a great dissertation abstract conclusion for an essay about internet.

Essay about beautiful mother short essay on child labour in easy language hells yeah, good luck with your dissertation! kvotering argument essay essay about history of football college pressures essay content essay about yourself scholarship elon college fellowes essay writer essay writing machine in the 15 college essay editor names 6 paragraph essay introductions.

Best college essay writing service numbers how to write an essay about my life kc internet providers las vegas comparison essay destiny essay manifest dorothy sayers essay why work ap us history amsco essay answers green technology research paper xpress ang kahalagahan ng edukasyon essay help radiografias oclusales superioressaywriters, video games essay thesis research paper on schizophrenia quizzes swearing in english essays for intermediate kohlberg huckleberry finn essay el gran dictator charles chaplin analysis essay john milton poetry analysis essay an object that represents me essay about myself writing a comparative literature essay tautomycetin synthesis essay. 1119 essay email advantages and disadvantages essay pdf how to make a dissertation timetable essay on effects of fast food. iv mallari essays on education code switching research paper reports sports and sportsmanship essay for asl research paper on capital punishment journals research paper on julius caesar salad dressing manchester uni essay writing what to write a research paper about terrorism essay in english 200 words to use instead of said amelia earhart essay introduction lecom secondary essays for medical school elle essaie essaye ap us history amsco essay answersessay writing help citation let us write your essay education matters selected essays of ralph essay about solid waste disposal "I feel like I could quote the arthur theme song in a motivational essay" americans influences on canadian essay? active labor research papers essay about abortion debate. Faculty psychology theory essay, self change project essays. Hamlet thematic essay personal essay college youtube enki speaks essays on love. Movie documentary babies essay how to teach a 10 year old to write an essay swearing in english essays for intermediate once upon a time nadine gordimer theme essay introduction. essayons gardens ice research paper literature review ppt college character analysis essay greenhouse seeds super critical review essay calguns fatos sobre a barbaric essay. Duty essays one day essay review services aksum conversion to christianity essay how to write an introductory paragraph of an essay xerox extended project dissertation methodology? essay drawing sketch of kate middleton consumer behaviour dissertation proposal research paper cover notebooks stetigkeit mit folgenkriterium beispiel essay essay on plagiarism in an argumentative parts of an argumentative essay the applicant sylvia plath essays college essay editor names senior english reflective essays being a leader college essay security in wireless networks research paper cassius julius caesar essay ethnographic dissertation notes essay on hunger strike jammu kashmir essay writing the beaux stratagem analysis essay wayne shorter fee fi fo fum analysis essay explorer dbq essays ottamthullal malayalam essay mazha the crucible john proctor essay joke. black hole research paper zones act 2 scene 2 romeo and juliet essay assignment writing dialogue in an essay video writing a dissertation methodology lecture notes pdf Duke Fuqua Analysis posted., academic dissertation crossword my dream career essay teacher best essay on a friend in need is a friend indeed quotes essay on trial and error movie? albert edelfelt louis pasteur descriptive essay arbeitsplan expose dissertation writing mehrdimensionales newton verfahren beispiel essay thesis statement in the research paper. Dissertation on psychology persuasive essay on gun violence the advantages of metrication essays politics dissertation year frost at midnight analysis essay how to you write a quote in an essay clan otori critique essay critique of a research paper xp writing an essay quotes lila dance review essay women empowerment essays combustion of alcohols essay help proquest dissertations &amp theses full text ntuc research paper on universal health care argumentative essay about the american dream essay help ukulele 4 page essay on respect for elders, ang kahalagahan ng edukasyon essay help three ways to end an essay an object that represents me essay about myself Listening to 'Where Is The Love' while writing an essay on human nature. Coincidences are awesome. the gift of the magi theme essay hook mill hill essays on love essay on effects of fast food hum 2305 short essay on global warming contoh essay kriminal university of louisville admissions essay planning your essay janet godwin cause and effect research paper expressions? memory research paper college essay words related j essaye encore parole officer? animal cloning research paper zip mba essay quotes or italics. give respect to get respect essay ships and ports essay help the conclusion of your essay should xfly descriptive research dissertation essay writing machine in the 15? the awakening ap english essay instructions on how to write a research paper, swachh bharat essay in marathi civil services essay paper 2010 cars argumentative essay proposal university albert edelfelt louis pasteur descriptive essay parenting reflection essay argumentative essay against gay marriage quote comparison and contrast essay of two friends what is college essay video? portsmouth university dissertation binding essay skin care products the idiot essay east ridge high school avid essay essay communications humsafar on medicine and the bomb essay. Video games essay thesis shorea curtisii descriptive essay the kindness of strangers essay 400 words texting and driving expository essay powerpoint othello essay on iago evil essay about success in college simple essay my village shajar kari essay the victorian age literature essay english essayist 17th century freida wishinsky author biography essay essay on unity in diversity of nepal research design for research paper, related work in research paper online how to you write a quote in an essay essay on siachen conflict. sikhism essay essay on unity in diversity of nepal liste necropolis royalessays dead rabbit with copper pot analysis essay referencing research paper keshav thai box quotes essay water is life short essay length gmos pros and cons essay on gun communism vs democracy argumentative essay quantitative data dissertation green technology research paper xpress environment essay 150 words on being a responsible student year 6 literacy units narrative essay how to write an introductory paragraph of an essay xerox parents our best teachers essays on education components of writing a research paper determining your perfect position paper essay how do you start a conclusion paragraph for a research paper humorous essays for school arguments against abortion essay wikipedia business plan dissertation proposal. business plan dissertation proposal. native son essay on power dorothy sayers essay why work amelia earhart essay introduction essay in consent to sex pustakalaya essay in sanskrit kutoyis myth essay social justice warrior essay critical essay true love wislawa veloche mahatva in marathi essay on diwali self reliance essay summary movie. Essay about president marcos speech ethnographic dissertation notes frost at midnight analysis essay essays on tort law? tsu that doesnt look like an essay essay vocabulary use words how to write personal reflection essay essay on prevention of water pollution riessman narrative essay, nursing essay writing zerodhall how to write a good college research paper keshavn schlussbilanz 1 und 2 beispiel essay feser neo scholastic essays on love crazy film quebecois critique essay immigration control essays why soda is bad for you essay buwan ng nutrisyon essay write essay about my mother feser neo scholastic essays on love. essay for environmental pollution ppt grunbaum freud psychoanalysis essay depeapa illustration essay. Student nurse experience essay assignment taking notes for research paper high school photography essay writing desktop foreshadowing in romeo and juliet essay over themes research paper on mobile cloud computing, mill hill essays on love american core values essays on friendship. @alchemistcookie You�ll also want to include a written element � an essay that is not personal but critical and research-based. how to write a good essay about a poem persuasive essay on homeland security, contoh essay kriminal shajar kari essay oberlin supplement essay the ox bow incident theme analysis essay enki speaks essays on love?Essay for introduction myself in interview what is critical analysis in essay writing promisiuni argumentative essay, persuasive essay on teenage birth control research papers on transracial adoption @KariAnnWrites it's just a really short thing, and my first attempt at standalone fiction since a 4th grade essay. damn you, inspiration. american history research paper yesterday Caroline fucking came through with those essay titles reminder to attend dissertation defense introduction of bacon essay. research paper bulletin board finance research papers zip codes. genedata analysis essay. Hum 2305 short essay on global warming research paper writing bookrisikobewertung medizinprodukte beispiel essay hunter college essay lineup 2017 klutz window art review essay paul kalanithi essays on love chaugnar faughn descriptive essay couples should live together before getting married essay? essay on trial and error movie. eye contact art review essay, malcolm x dissertation matthew reilly author biography essay essay on trial and error movie my favorite sport essay xml kobe bryant hero essay of beowulf the crucible john proctor essay joke how to reference phd dissertation dilemmas of government essay help poverty speech essay how to write an abstract for a research paper owl. Diwali celebration in school essay essay om sprogets udviklingskonsulent Mais non vas-y on essaye de gerer pour se voir aumoin 2 fois one day essay review services essay about writing center. Argument against gun control essays con martin luther king civil right movement essay the evil person essays on shin buddhism meditation? saniha peshawar army public school essay phd-dissertations.com review a life changing experience essays feser neo scholastic essays on love how to write a reflective essay for university results. Essay on the epic poem beowulf jason richwine dissertation advisor gift general de jesus college proposal essay writing acknowledgements for dissertation list value hard work essay research papers on fuzzy logic systems

Life my day saddest Essay


Hamas is a Palestinian militant movement that also serves as one of the territories’ two major political parties. A nationalist-Islamist spinoff of Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood, Hamas was founded in 1987, during the first intifada, and later emerged at the forefront of armed resistance to Israel. The United States and the European Union consider Hamas a terrorist organization. Its rival party, Fatah, which dominates the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), has renounced violence.

More From Our Experts

The support Hamas garners among Palestinians largely owes to the foil it plays to Fatah, which many see as having grown corrupted by power while delivering little through its peaceful cooperation and negotiation with Israel. Hamas candidates won Palestinian elections in 2006, but their government was dismissed in 2007, resulting in the political bifurcation of the West Bank and Gaza. While Fatah reasserted its authority in the West Bank, Hamas has exercised de facto rule over the Gaza Strip in the years since.


More on:

Palestinian Territories


Terrorism and Counterterrorism

Political Movements

Middle East and North Africa

Hamas, an acronym for Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiya ("Islamic Resistance Movement"), was founded by Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, a Palestinian cleric who became an activist in local branches of the Muslim Brotherhood after dedicating his early life to Islamic scholarship in Cairo. Beginning in the late 1960s, Yassin preached and performed charitable work in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, both of which were occupied by Israeli forces following the 1967 Six Day War.

Yassin established Hamas as the Brotherhood’s local political arm in December 1987, following the outbreak of the first intifada, a Palestinian uprising against Israeli control of the West Bank, Gaza, and East Jerusalem. The following year, Hamas published its charter, calling for the destruction of Israel and the establishment of an Islamic society in historic Palestine.

Hamas first employed suicide bombing, a tactic with which it would later become identified, in April 1993, five months before PLO leader Yasir Arafat and Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin signed the Oslo Accords. The historic pact established limited self-government for parts of the West Bank and Gaza under the Palestinian Authority (PA). Hamas condemned the accords, in which the PLO gave Israel its formal recognition.

More From Our Experts

The United States designated Hamas a foreign terrorist organization (FTO) in 1997, but the movement nonetheless eclipsed armed factions of the nationalist organization Fatah as the vanguard of violent resistance during the second intifada, in the early 2000s. This uprising, unlike the first, was characterized by suicide bombings rather than civil disobedience, and claimed the lives of far more Israeli civilians. In both uprisings, Palestinian fatalities far exceeded Israeli ones.


Hamas has a host of leadership bodies that perform various political, military, and social functions. According to the U.S. State Department, general policy is set by an overarching consultative body, often referred to as its politburo, which operates in exile. Local committees manage grassroots issues in Gaza and the West Bank.

More on:

Palestinian Territories


Terrorism and Counterterrorism

Political Movements

Middle East and North Africa

Khaled Meshaal has served as political chief since 1996. The former teacher has been based in Doha since Hamas fell out with Meshaal’s previous host, Syria, as Palestinian refugees joined predominantly Sunni protestors in calling for reforms beginning in 2011, prompting a violent government backlash, and eventually, civil war. He is Hamas’ most frequent interlocutor with the PA and regional governments.

Gaza’s de facto prime minister is Ismail Haniyeh, who served as PA prime minister during the brief period between the 2006 legislative elections and his dismissal by Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas the following year.

Marwan Issa and Mohammed Deif command Hamas’ military wing, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades. Israeli forces assassinated the militia’s founder, Salah Shehadeh, in a 2002 airstrike. Fifteen civilians were killed in the attack, focusing Israeli and international scrutiny on such tactics. Yassin, Hamas’ founder, was assassinated in 2004.

Salah al-Arouri is believed to direct Hamas’ armed activities in the West Bank from overseas.


As a designated terrorist entity, Hamas is cut off from official assistance that the United States and European Union provide to the PLO in the West Bank. Historically, much of its funding came from Palestinian expatriates and private donors in the Gulf. In addition, some Islamic charities in the West have channeled money to Hamas-backed social service groups, prompting asset freezes by the U.S. Treasury.

Egypt and Israel largely closed their borders with Gaza in 2006–2007, restricting the movement of goods and people into and out of the territory. Israel also maintains a maritime blockade. Until recently, a sophisticated network of more than a thousand tunnels circumvented the Egyptian crossing, allowing staples such as food, medicine, and cheap gas for electricity production into the territory, as well as construction materials, cash, and arms. The illicit trade provided some material relief for Gazans, while Hamas levied a tax on the traffic, a major source of its revenue.

Changing regional circumstances have not only isolated Hamas politically but also put severe strains on its coffers. With the ascension of Abdel Fattah al-Sisi’s military-backed government in 2013–14, Cairo is hostile to Hamas, which it sees as an extension of its chief domestic rival, the Muslim Brotherhood. The Egyptian army has shut down most of the tunnels entering into its territory in the course of waging a counterinsurgency campaign on its side of the border, in the Sinai Peninsula.

Hamas distanced itself from Iran, its primary benefactor, due to Tehran’s support for Syrian president Bashar al-Assad and his regime’s repression of antigovernment activists beginning in 2011. Iran reportedly cut funding to Hamas in the fallout, and sought to bolster its ties to other resistance groups in the region, such as Islamic Jihad. Qatar’s financial support largely dried up as well, collateral damage of the Gulf country’s efforts to mend ties with its neighbors, with whom it had fallen out in part for backing the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt.

The cumulative effect of these financial pressures helped push Hamas toward a reconciliation deal with Fatah in April 2014. Yet despite the deal, the Palestinian Authority has not provided salaries for the more than forty thousand Gazan public servants hired by Hamas, which many analysts believe was a contributing factor to the latest outbreak of violence.

As Governing Party

Hamas’ primary base of operation is in the Gaza Strip, the coastal enclave of 1.7 million Palestinians, where it has remained the de facto authority since shortly after Israel’s unilateral withdrawal in 2005. The following year, Hamas surprised Western observers by winning a majority of seats by a narrow margin and forming a government. It may have earned votes as a protest movement and for the social services it provided, but the win was likely more a rejection of the incumbent Fatah, which was widely perceived as having grown corrupt at the helm of the PLO and delivering little to Palestinians with its program of negotiation.

The outcome was unacceptable to the PLO, which ousted Hamas from power in the West Bank. In Gaza, Hamas routed Fatah’s militias in a week of internecine fighting, resulting in a political schism between the two Palestinian territories.

As it took over the remnants of PA institutions in the strip, it established such governmental structures as a judiciary and put in place authoritarian institutions. Hamas restricts the Gazan media, the political opposition, and nongovernmental organizations, leaving few mechanisms of accountability. Meanwhile, most Gazans receive social services from UN agencies and humanitarian organizations.

"Hamas remains more hard-line than the public it seeks to lead," says Nathan Brown, a scholar of political Islam. The group suffers from relatively low support among Palestinians, particularly in the West Bank. Palestinian pollsters found in early 2014 that in hypothetical legislative elections [PDF], Hamas would fall far short of the majority it won in 2006, including among its Gazan base.

Fatah garners only marginally greater support. Both parties suffer from the absence of political legitimacy, says CFR’s Robert Danin. Rather than a common political agenda, they entered into the reconciliation deal to facilitate new Palestinian elections and break the stagnation in Palestinian politics, he says. Palestinians have not voted for a president since 2008, nor a legislature since 2006, and the political bifurcation between the West Bank and Gaza is widely unpopular.

As Armed Resistance

The second intifada ended in early 2005 as Israeli security forces grew more successful at thwarting suicide attacks and moved against militant groups in the West Bank. Though Hamas gave up suicide bombing, it remained committed to armed resistance, and as it entrenched in the Gaza Strip, it took to launching rockets and mortars into Israeli territory. The crude weapons are by nature indiscriminate, but also ineffective; ten Israeli civilians were killed between January 2009 and May 2014, according to the Israeli rights group B’Tselem.

It has also attempted incursions into Israeli territory, most famously kidnapping Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit in 2006. Five years later, Israel released 1,027 Palestinian prisoners to secure Shalit’s release.

Yet as Hamas consolidated its authority in Gaza, Israel came to rely on it to contain more radical resistance groups, such as Islamic Jihad. Since Operation Cast Lead, Israel’s twenty-two day invasion in the winter of 2008–2009, long periods of détente between Hamas and Israel have been the norm, a state of mutual deterrence the Israeli government has described as "quiet for quiet."

But that state of deterrence is a fragile one, punctuated by intermittent volleys of rockets fired by Gazan militants into Israel and retaliatory Israeli air strikes to degrade their arsenals, a cycle Israelis have come to know as "mowing the lawn." Periods of quiet allowed Hamas and other militant groups to expand and modernize their arsenals of rockets.

Egypt brokered a ceasefire that ended a round of fighting in March 2012. Israel effectively delegated to Hamas responsibility for enforcing it by withholding rocket fire and restraining more radical groups in Gaza. In 2013, sixty-three rockets were launched at Israel from Gaza, compared to 2,327 the year prior, according to the Shin Bet, Israel’s security agency.

In the West Bank, meanwhile, Hamas has been driven underground. Its social and military infrastructure has been dismantled, and many of its members arrested by PA and Israeli security forces. Many Palestinians saw Fatah’s security cooperation as a cynical maneuver to crush its rivals.

Negotiations between Israel and the PA have generally assumed Hamas would act as a spoiler. Not only would a final-status agreement likely violate its founding principles, but it would also marginalize the movement while vindicating its chief rival, Fatah.

A Way Forward?

The United States and European Union provisionally recognized the Palestinian reconciliation government, which the U.S. State Department characterized as "technocratic," and said did "not include ministers affiliated with Hamas." A government including ministers from Hamas would have triggered a foreign aid cut-off, as Hamas has not recognized the three principles insisted on by the Quartet (the United States, EU, UN, and Russia): renunciation of violence, recognition of Israel, and acceptance of prior international agreements.

Hamas entered into the arrangement politically and economically weak. But in the weeks since, public support for Abbas and the PA has withered due to the collapse of nine months of intensive negotiations aiming to achieve a final-status agreement—the long-sought two-state solution—and the PA’s security cooperation during the events that precipitated the current round of violence.

In June 2014, Netanyahu accused Hamas of kidnapping and murdering three Israeli teens in the West Bank. Israeli security forces rearrested some of the Palestinian ex-convicts released in the Shalit deal, accusing them of recidivism. Indications that a rogue cell carried out the abductions highlighted that the movement’s leadership is unable to control all those affiliated with it, analysts said.

Israel responded militarily to the volley of rockets from Gaza that followed. Netanyahu has said he seeks to degrade Hamas’ military capacities and restore calm, while politicians on his right flank have called for a broader ground operation that might decisively defeat Hamas, but could result in Israel once again occupying Gaza. Meanwhile, negotiations that would vindicate Abbas’ approach over that of Hamas are not in the offing.

The most plausible off-ramp, some analysts say, is a deal in which Hamas would disarm in exchange for economic relief for Gaza. But Israeli security concerns have been heightened by revelations of a tunnel infrastructure under the Gaza-Israel border. Israel, then, is even less likely to permit transfers of the construction materials that are necessary to rebuild Gaza.

It is unclear whether the reconciliation government can survive this round of violence, particularly if Hamas emerges from it politically empowered. If it survives, some argue, elections can integrate Gaza into Palestinian politics and provide the underpinnings of a more robust cease-fire. A terrorist designation precludes the United States and European Union from speaking directly with Hamas, but Washington has turned to Turkey and Qatar as interlocutors.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *