Freshman Admission - 2017-18
Guide for Freshman Applicants
This page provides admission selection information for freshman applicants. Refer to Applying for Admission for information about how to obtain an application and application filing deadlines.
Each year UCLA admits an extraordinary group of students. We have carefully designed our review process to ensure fairness and expand opportunity. We perform a holistic review of all applicants to UCLA in which all of your achievements, both academic and non-academic, are considered in the context of the opportunities you have had and how fully you have taken advantage of those opportunities. No single attribute or characteristic guarantees admission. Since admission to UCLA is highly selective, it is crucial that freshman applicants present complete pictures of themselves, their educational histories and their personal perspectives by thoroughly and carefully completing the application.
How UCLA Selects Its Freshman Class
We consider the following academic elements:
- Academic grade point average (GPA), calculated using 10th and 11th grade UC–approved courses only
- Performance on standardized tests: the ACT Assessment Plus Writing or the SAT
Note: if you take the new SAT exam (March, 2016 and later) you must complete the essay section for UCLA to recognize the exam.
- Quality, quantity, and level of course work taken throughout your entire high school program (including the strength of your senior year program), especially course work completed beyond the minimum "a–g" courses to meet the University of California admission requirements
- The strength of the program taken within the context of the high school you attended
- A progressively challenging academic program, including the number of and performance in college preparatory, honors, Advanced Placement (AP), International Baccalaureate (IB), and transferable college courses; passing scores on AP or IB exams; mastery of academic subjects as demonstrated by high grades and exam results; and presence of summer session/inter-session courses that enhance academic progress.
- California high school students—Identification by the University of California as ranked in the top 9% of your school and/or ranked in the top 9% or high school graduates statewide
- Sustained participation in activities that develop academic and intellectual abilities and honors and/or awards in recognition of academic, intellectual, or creative achievement
UCLA Undergraduate Admission reviews all applicants for admission. Freshman applicants to the UCLA College of Letters and Science are reviewed without regard for major. Therefore, no Letters and Science major (including Undeclared) is more or less selective than any other. Representatives from all other schools—the Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science; the School of the Arts and Architecture; the Herb Alpert School of Music; the School of Nursing; and the School of Theater, Film and Television—further review their respective applicants and admit students by major. The portfolio/audition is the primary consideration in the review of applicants to the School of the Arts and Architecture; the Herb Alpert School of Music; and the School of Theater, Film and Television. Applicants to the School of Nursing must submit a supplemental application.
The Personal Insight Questions
The personal insight question portion of the application allows you to provide information that will give us more insight about you during the review process. Your answers to the personal insight questions should add clarity, richness, and meaning to the information in the other parts of your application. You should respond to four of the eight questions and share with us the accomplishments, perspectives, experiences, and talents that are important to you. The answers to the questions should reflect your own personal perspectives and should complement, not repeat, the information included elsewhere in your application.
The personal insight questions...
- Offers us an understanding of you as a unique individual within the context of your family, school, community, and the world
- Provides us with information that may not be evident in other parts of your application
- Is a forum for you to explain how factors outside of your school environment have enhanced or impeded your ability to maximize available academic and intellectual opportunities
We use these elements from the application to increase our understanding of you as a whole person. We consider the following:
- Your likely contribution to the intellectual and cultural vitality of the campus
- Your personal background and experience
- Extensive leadership and initiative in school and/or community organizations and activities
- Exceptional achievements, such as recognition for special talents or extracurricular activities
- Employment or personal responsibilities
- Overcoming life challenges relating to personal or family situations, social or economic difficulties, lack of educational opportunities, or challenges particular to the urban or rural environment, including foster care if relevant
- How military service has been instrumental in the developing of your educational plans
For Additional Information
Please refer to University of California Admission Requirements for information the subject, test score and scholarship requirements.
Refer to the Applying for Admission for information about how to obtain an application and application filing deadlines.
Refer to Majors and Minors for a complete listing of undergraduate majors.
Interview with Dean Robert Schwartz at UCLA School of Law
Published November 2009
Top Law Schools: Dean Robert Schwartz , thank you for taking the time to offer your thoughts and insight on the admissions process at UCLA School of Law. I appreciate your allowing TLS members to learn more about the law school and its admissions process.
TLS: How would you describe the ideal candidate for UCLA School of Law?
There is no ideal candidate for UCLA School of Law. One of the central purposes of the law school is the training of attorneys who will attain high levels of professional excellence and integrity, and who will exercise civic responsibility in myriad ways during long careers.
TLS: Realistically speaking, how large a part of the admissions process are factors other than a candidate's GPA and LSAT score? Of these non-numerical factors, are there any that particularly pique your interest (military service, corporate work experience, Teach for America, etc.)?
We place substantial weight on traditional measures of academic ability, namely grades and LSAT scores. We also consider attributes that may contribute to assembling a diverse class. We place special emphasis on socioeconomic disadvantage in our evaluation. We also consider work experience and career achievement, community or public service, career goals, significant hardships overcome, the ability to contribute to law school programs and concentrations, evidence of and potential for leadership, language ability, unusual life experiences and any other factors that indicate the applicant may significantly diversify the student body or make a distinctive contribution to UCLA School of Law or the legal profession.
TLS: Is there any advantage to applying early?
Although you are generally encouraged to apply early to ensure that all your materials are received on time, this will not significantly impact your odds of being admitted. Since the Admissions Committee does not make decisions on a strictly-rolling basis, a candidate who applies later in the admissions cycle will not necessarily be disadvantaged. Applying early also does not guarantee early receipt of a decision. Offers of admission are usually made between January and late April, and various factors will determine when you'll actually hear from us. Thus, our general advice is to apply when you most feel prepared.
TLS: How does the quality of one's undergraduate school factor into the admissions process? If the undergraduate institute's prestige is a factor, what is the "cutoff" below which a school fails affect the admissions Richter Scale?
The quality of one’s undergraduate school is a factor considered by the admissions committee. We compare applicants’ grade point averages with all law school applicants from their undergraduate school. There is no “cutoff.”
TLS: How, if at all, will an upward grade trend in an applicant's GPA be viewed in the admissions process?
An upward trend is viewed favorably. Any downward trend should be explained in an addendum.
TLS: In what circumstances should an applicant include an addendum to explain his or her low GPA or LSAT score? What should this addendum include (old SAT scores, etc.)?
An applicant should include an addendum if there were any circumstances that negatively affected their academic record or standardized test score. The addendum should include any documentation supporting the negative circumstance(s) (i.e. old SAT scores).
TLS: How does UCLA regard applicants with multiple LSAT scores?
Our general policy is to consider the highest LSAT score attained, although we will take note of all scores. In the case of a significant discrepancy between scores, applicants are advised to address it in their application. It is always helpful for the Admissions Committee to be aware of any factors that may have adversely or positively impacted one’s performance on the LSAT. Item 12 on our application is a suitable place to provide such explanation.
TLS: Can you offer any advice on the best way for a student to write a resonant personal statement?
A personal statement is potentially your only opportunity to tell us whatever you want us to know about you. It is your "interview" and should be well-presented and well-written. Because we receive over 8,000 applications, writing a well-written, interesting personal statement can be very important. The personal statement should be written with an intention to set yourself apart from all the other applicants. Human interest stories can be intriguing.
TLS: With regard to the personal statement, can you stipulate any pitfalls or clichés an applicant should avoid?
Though we are seeking diverse individuals, diversity in the format of a personal statement is not something that should be attempted. Write the personal statement in a professional and formal format. A personal statement should be a reflection of how you wish to present yourself. It should be viewed as a personal interview with admissions officers. The statement should be in a formal essay writing format. We recommend that you “be yourself.”
And this is common sense advice: please proofread carefully and be sure to write UCLA rather than another law school’s name in the personal statement.
TLS: Does researching UCLA and then tailoring the personal statement to UCLA increase one’s chance of admissions?
Yes; we are interested in any attributes, experiences or interests that would enable you to make a distinctive contribution to UCLA Law.
TLS: Can you briefly discuss who should write a diversity statement and how much impact such a statement typically has on the admissions process?
Anyone who wishes to provide such a statement should do so. We seek to admit students of outstanding intellectual ability who will bring a wide range of backgrounds, experiences, and perspectives to the classroom and the legal profession. Through long experience, the faculty has concluded that the quality of the education of each student is affected in significant ways by the presence of vital, diverse viewpoints.
TLS: Can you offer any general advice regarding letters of recommendation?
Obtain letters from those that know you well and have seen you demonstrate skills that will be useful in law school. It does not matter who writes the letter (i.e. professor or teaching assistant) as long as the writer knows you and your abilities.
TLS: Does the acceptance rate vary significantly for applicants applying to joint-degree programs?
TLS: Many people could not dream up a more suitable location for the receipt of a legal education than Westwood. Can you briefly discuss the advantages and disadvantages--as you see them--of going to law school in Los Angeles?
UCLA Law is situated in one of the world’s most vibrant and exciting geographic regions. While sufficiently close to the thriving metropolis of Los Angeles to afford students convenient opportunities to engage its social and professional scenes, the campus is secluded enough for students to focus on their legal studies. UCLA Law is strategic about tapping into the numerous industries represented in the area (e.g., entertainment, non-profit, business, political, etc.) as a way to enrich our academic programs and combine them with intriguing experiential offerings for our students.
Meanwhile, Los Angeles serves as a major cultural and recreational hub, hosting various sporting and entertainment events and offering scores of theaters, museums, and cultural centers. The city’s global reach, environmental diversity (where you can hike, snowboard, and go to the beach all in the same day), and perpetually desirable weather further enhance the quality of life for our law students.
Disadvantages: traffic (but this can be easily avoided by living on campus or close to campus).
TLS: With regard to ranking: USNews currently ranks UCLA as the 15th-best law school in the nation (though many in California would likely place it higher if asked informally). This puts UCLA within spitting distance of the vaunted "Top 14." Do you see UCLA making the necessary strides to be ranked 14th or higher within 5 years? If so, what steps is the law school presently taking to accomplish this?
As a relatively young law school, UCLA has reached impressive milestones in its short life to earn a place among the nation’s finest (and oldest) schools of law. This has been accomplished by our ceaseless commitment to academic quality and our innovative spirit. Having made tremendous gains in attracting stellar students, hiring world-class faculty, and fundraising in recent years, we intend to capitalize on this momentum to further enhance our stature, while maintaining our commitment to producing global leaders of the highest intellectual and ethical caliber.
TLS: How likely is a waitlisted student to be admitted to UCLA?
We admit a significant percent of our class each year from the wait list; the exact percent varies each year. Wait-listed applicants are welcome to contact us directly to discuss their chances of admission.
TLS: How does the admissions committee regard letters of continued interest (LOCIs) sent by waitlisted candidates? Is a LOCI (Letter of Continued Interest) recommended? If so, have you any tips on what a student should be sure to include in his or her LOCI?
Statements of continued interest, including updates to your application file, may be submitted on a periodic basis (once a month is sufficient) either via e-mail at email@example.com or standard mail to the Office of Admissions at UCLA School of Law. The admissions committee welcomes such statements. If applicable, updated academic transcripts, LSAT scores, or any other official documents can be sent either through LSAC or directly to our office. With respect to new letters of recommendation, they should only be sent if you strongly believe that they illuminate substantially different aspects to your candidacy not covered by the previous letters submitted on your behalf.
TLS: Aside from writing a LOCI, are there any steps a waitlisted candidate can take to improve his or her chances?
Many of the factors considered in our wait list deliberations (e.g., quality of other wait-listed candidates, the enrollment goals of the Law School, number of admitted students accepting our offers of admission, etc.) are external and beyond the control of individual applicants. Thus, there isn’t much one can do to improve their odds, aside from patiently waiting and continuing to express their interest in UCLA Law.
TLS: What does UCLA look for in transfer applicants? Is 1L academic performance the only significant factor in evaluating those applications?
First-year law school performance is one of the most important criteria in determining admission for transfer students. We also consider the law school attended, recommendation letters from law school faculty and the reasons for seeking to transfer.
TLS: By virtue of the fact that you are devoting your time to this interview (and we at TLS sincerely appreciate your doing so), it is clear that you are aware that a significant percentage of law school applicants spend time in online communities, such as TLS, where they discuss law schools and the applications process. There is a persistent rumor that members of admissions committees browse the forums and that what individuals post online might affect (negatively or otherwise) their chances for admission. Can you shed some light on this or provide any specific examples of when this has been the case?
Although we do occasionally browse these forums to gain insight on what law school applicants are thinking about, I am not aware of any cases in which an individual’s posting adversely impacted his/her admission outcome.
TLS: Last but not least, have you any general advice for TLS members regarding the law school application process as a whole or even success in law school itself?
Stay true to yourself and maintain perspective. There are plenty of fine law schools across the country, and as long as you know yourself and what you want out of a legal education, you will find a place that is right for you. To that end, take the time to self-reflect and consider the factors that may be important to you (e.g., location, size, reputation, availability of financial assistance, clinical opportunities, career prospects, etc.). Enjoy the process of researching and visiting law schools, and the more you learn about your options, the likelier you are to make a good choice.