|Born||(1911-08-26)26 August 1911|
|Died||5 November 1968(1968-11-05) (aged 57)|
Middletown, New York, US
|Occupation||Writer of fiction|
Gerald Kersh (1911–1968) was a British and later also American writer of novels and short stories.
Born in 1911, Kersh began to write at the age of eight. After leaving school, he worked as, amongst other things, a cinema manager, bodyguard, debt collector, fish and chip cook, travelling salesman, French teacher and all-in wrestler whilst attempting to succeed as a writer.
Kersh's first novel, Jews Without Jehovah, an autobiographical tale of growing up poor and Jewish, was published in 1934. Kersh, however, had not sufficiently concealed the identities of some of the characters, and a member of his family sued for libel; as a result, the book was quickly withdrawn. Night and the City (1938), was more successful and has been filmed twice, with Richard Widmark in 1950 and then in 1992 with Robert De Niro in the lead role (this version transposed the setting from London to New York).
Kersh was drafted into the army during the Second World War, served in the Coldstream Guards and ended up writing for the Army Film Unit. Despite apparently deserting, Kersh ended up in France during the liberation, where he discovered that many of his French relatives had ended up in Hitler's extermination camps. After the war, Kersh continued to enjoy commercial success, mainly because of his short stories, in genres such as horror, science fiction, fantasy and the detective story. From about the mid-1950s onwards, he started to suffer from poor health and financial hardship (specifically relating to his failure to pay income tax). However, Kersh continued to publish novels and stories, some of which were commercially and critically successful. In 1958, his short story "The Secret of the Bottle", originally published in The Saturday Evening Post, received an Edgar Award from the Mystery Writers of America. The following year he became a U.S citizen.
In the late 1930s, Kersh said that his novels published to that date "haven't really been fiction at all" and "contained an irreducible minimum of made-up-stuff". His novels (although not his short stories) typically depict the low life and eccentric characters of London, implying that they are written from Kersh's own experience and are semi-autobiographical. Night and the City has a plot involving professional wrestling, and in Fowler's End the protagonist is a cinema manager/chucker-out, both roles featuring in Kersh's non-writing career.
Kersh's popularity did not survive his death in 1968, and it is not easy to find copies of most of his works. In recent years, however, he has received some critical attention, and SF author Harlan Ellison has stated that Kersh is his favourite author. Writing to a fan, Ellison recommended Kersh, writing, "you will find yourself in the presence of a talent so immense and compelling, that you will understand how grateful and humble I felt merely to have been permitted to associate myself with his name as editor."
The protagonist of his short story "Whatever Happened to Corporal Cuckoo?" appears in the third chapter of The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, Volume III: Century. There, the character identifies himself as "Colonel Cuckoo".
Kersh is one of eight writers commemorated in Compass Road, a watch design by Crispin Jones and writer Iain Sinclair. Kersh was listed #9 in Time Out's "Top 30 chart of London's most erotic writers".
- Jews without Jehovah (1934)
- Men Are So Ardent (1935)
- Night and the City (1938) (ISBN 0-7434-1304-0 - reprint); also titled Dishonour
- I Got References (1939), stories
- They Die with Their Boots Clean (1941)
- The Nine Lives of Bill Nelson (1942)
- Brain and Ten Fingers (1943)
- Selected Stories (1943)
- The Dead Look On (1943)
- Faces in a Dusty Picture (1944)
- The Horrible Dummy and Other Stories (1944)
- The Weak and the Strong (1945)
- An Ape, a Dog and a Serpent (1945)
- Sergeant Nelson of the Guards (1945)
- Clean, Bright and Slightly Oiled (1946), stories
- Neither Man nor Dog: Short Stories (1946)
- Sad Road to the Sea (1947), stories
- The Song of the Flea (1948)
- Clock Without Hands (1949), stories
- The Thousand Deaths of Mr. Small (1951)
- The Brazen Bull (1952), stories
- Prelude to a Certain Midnight (1953) (ISBN 0-486-24536-5)
- The Great Wash (1953), issued as The Secret Masters in the US
- The Brighton Monster and Other Stories (1953)
- Guttersnipe (1954), stories
- Men Without Bones (1955), stories
- Fowler's End (1958)
- On an Odd Note (1958), stories
- Men Without Bones (US) (1960), stories
- The Ugly Face of Love and Other Stories (1960)
- The Best of Gerald Kersh (1960), edited by Simon Raven
- The Implacable Hunter (1961)
- The Terribly Wild Flowers: Nine Stories (1962)
- More Than Once Upon a Time (1964), stories
- The Hospitality of Miss Tolliver (1965), stories
- A Long Cool Day in Hell (1966)
- The Angel and the Cuckoo (1966)
- Nightshade and Damnations (1968), stories, edited by Harlan Ellison
- Brock (1969)
- Karmesin: The World's Greatest Criminal – or Most Outrageous Liar (Crippen & Landru, 2003), stories (ISBN 1-932009-03-5)
- The World, the Flesh, & the Devil: Fantastical Writings, Volume I (Ash-Tree Press, 2006), stories (ISBN 1-55310-092-1)
Rediscovery and New Editions
In 2013 Valancourt Books began reprinting many of Kersh's titles.
- Nightshade and Damnations (1968), with an introduction by Harlan Ellison (Reprinted in 2013)
- Fowlers End (1957), with an introduction by Michael Moorcock (Reprinted in 2013)
- Neither Man Nor Dog (1946), with an introduction by Robert Webb (Reprinted in 2015)
- Clock Without Hands (1949), with an introduction by Thomas Pluck (Reprinted in 2015)
- The Great Wash (aka The Secret Masters) (1953) (Reprinted in 2015)
- On an Odd Note (1957), with an introduction by Nick Mamatas (Reprinted in 2015)
Ambrose Gwinnett Bierce (June 24, 1842-1914?) was an American satirist, critic, poet, short story (horror) writer, editor, and journalist. Bierce was a contemporary, acquaintance, and competitor of Mark Twain. While Twain's humor was rather light-hearted and based on the behavior of his characters, Bierce's humor was sardonic, political, and based much more on language.
Ambrose G. Bierce
- Early life and Military Career
- The McKinley Accusation
- Literary Works
- Bierce in Popular Culture
- Primary books
- Selected Stories of Ambrose Bierce
- External Links
- Preface to The Devil's Dictionary
- The Devil's Dictionary
Early Life and Military Career
Born in a rural area of Meigs County, Ohio, Ambrose Gwinnett Bierce lived during his adolescence in the town of Elkhart, Indiana. At the outset of the American Civil War, Bierce enlisted in the Ninth Regiment, Indiana Volunteers, as part of the Union Army. In February 1862, he was commissioned as a first lieutenant and served on the staff of Gen. William Babcock Hazen as a topographical engineer, making maps of likely battlefields. He fought bravely in several of the war's most important battles, at one point receiving newspaper attention for his daring rescue under fire of a gravely wounded comrade at the battle of Girard Hill, West Virginia. In June 1864, he received a serious head wound at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain and spent the rest of the summer on furlough, but returned to active duty in September, and was ultimately discharged from the army in January 1865.
His military career, however, resumed when, in the summer of 1866, he rejoined Gen. Hazen as part of the latter's expedition to inspect military outposts across the Western plains. The expedition proceeded by horseback and wagon from Omaha, Nebraska, arriving in San Francisco near the end of the year.
In San Francisco, Bierce received the rank of brevet Major before resigning from the Army. He remained there for many years, eventually becoming famous as a contributor and/or editor for a number of local newspapers and periodicals, including The San Francisco News Letter, The Argonaut, and The Wasp.
Bierce lived and wrote in England from 1872 to 1875. Returning to the United States, he again took up residence in San Francisco. In 1879-1880, he went to Rockerville and Deadwood, South Dakota, in the Dakota Territory, to try his hand as local manager for a New York mining company, but when the company failed he returned to San Francisco and resumed his career in journalism.
In 1887, he became one of the first regular columnists and editorialists to be employed on William Randolph Hearst's newspaper, the San Francisco Examiner, eventually becoming one of the most prominent and influential among the writers and journalists of the West Coast. In December 1899, he moved to Washington, D. C., but continued his association with the Hearst Newspapers until 1906.
The McKinley Accusation
Because of his penchant for biting social criticism and satire, Bierce's long newspaper career was often steeped in controversy. On several occasions his columns stirred up hostile reaction that created difficulties for Hearst.
One of the most notable of these incidents occurred following the assassination of President William McKinley when Hearst's opponents made a poem Bierce had written about the assassination of Governor Goebel in 1900 into a cause célèbre. Bierce meant his poem, written on the occasion of the assassination of Governor William Goebel of Kentucky, to express a national mood of dismay and fear, but after McKinley was shot in 1901 it seemed to foreshadow the crime:
"The bullet that pierced Goebel's breast
Can not be found in all the West;
Good reason, it is speeding here
To stretch McKinley on his bier."
As a result, Hearst accused by rival newspapers and by Secretary of State Elihu Root of having advocated McKinley's assassination. Despite a national uproar that ended his ambitions for the presidency (and even his membership in the Bohemian Club), Hearst neither revealed Bierce as the author of the poem, nor fired him.
His short stories are considered among the best of the 19th century. He wrote realistically of the terrible things he had seen in the war in such stories as "An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge", "Killed at Resaca", and "Chickamauga".
Bierce was reckoned a master of "pure" English by his contemporaries, and virtually everything that came from his pen was notable for its judicious wording and economy of style. He wrote skillfully in a variety of literary genres, and in addition to his celebrated ghost and war stories he published several volumes of poetry and verse. His Fantastic Fables anticipated the ironic style of grotesquerie that turned into a genre in the 20th century.
One of Bierce's most famous works is his much-quoted book, The Devil's Dictionary, originally a newspaper serialization which was first published in book form in 1906 as The Cynic's Word Book. It offers an interesting reinterpretation of the English language in which cant and political double-talk are neatly lampooned.
Bierce's twelve-volume Collected Works were published in 1909, the seventh volume of which consists solely of The Devil's Dictionary, the title Bierce himself preferred to The Cynic's Word Book.
In October 1913, the septuagenarian Bierce departed Washington on a tour to revisit his old Civil War battlefields. By December, he had proceeded on through Louisiana and Texas, crossing by way of El Paso into Mexico, which was then in the throes of revolution. In Ciudad Juárez, he joined the army of Pancho Villa as an observer, in which role he participated in the battle of Tierra Blanca. He is known to have accompanied Villa's army as far as the city of Chihuahua, Chihuahua. After a last letter to a close friend, sent from that city on December 26, 1913, he vanished without a trace, becoming one of the most famous disappearances in American literary history. Subsequent investigations to ascertain his fate were fruitless. After many decades of speculation, his disappearance remains a mystery, and his (unconfirmed) date of death is generally listed as "1914?".
In one of his last letters, Bierce wrote:
"Good-by–if you hear of my being stood up against a Mexican stone wall and shot to rags please know that I think that a pretty good way to depart this life. It beats old age, disease, or falling down the cellar stairs. To be a Gringo in Mexico–ah, that is euthanasia".
For more discussion of Bierce's demise, click here .
Bierce in Popular Culture
- Robert W. Chambers borrowed several terms and fictional locations (including, for instance, Carcosa and Hastur) from Bierce, for use in his book of horror short stories, The King in Yellow. The horror writer H.P. Lovecraft later incorporated these into his own work, as did other authors who later extended Lovecraft's characters and themes, collectively creating the Cthulhu Mythos.
- Robert Bloch's short story "I Like Blondes" (published in Playboy, 1956) is constructed around a group of alien bodysnatchers frequenting Earth. The narrator's host body's "name was Beers...Ambrose Beers, I believe. He picked it up in Mexico a long time ago."
- At least three films have been made of Bierce's story "An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge". A silent film version was made in the 1920s. A French version called La Riviére du Hibou, directed by Robert Enrico, was released in 1962. This is a black and white film, faithfully recounting the original narrative using voice-over. Another version, directed by Brian James Egan, was released in 2005. The 1962 film was also used for an episode of the television series The Twilight Zone: "An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge". The presentation was rare for commercial television in that it was offered without commercial interruption. A copy of "An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge" appeared in the ABC television series Lost ("The Long Con", airdate February 8, 2006).
- Mexican novelist Carlos Fuentes wrote Gringo Viejo (The Old Gringo), a fictionalized account of Bierce's disappearance. Fuentes' keenly observed novel was later adapted as a film, Old Gringo, with Gregory Peck in the title role.
- Bierce appears as a character in the 2000 film From Dusk Till Dawn 3: The Hangman's Daughter (set in 1913, a prequel to the original From Dusk Till Dawn). While traveling to join up with Villa, Bierce is first attacked by bandits, and then trapped in a bar filled with vampires bent on killing all the humans inside. This clearly fictional adventure also portrayed Bierce, played by Michael Parks, as an alcoholic.
- Bierce appears as a character in Robert A. Heinlein's novella Lost Legacy (published in the short story collection Assignment in Eternity). In the story, Bierce is part of a league of humans who have learned to use the unused portions of their brains and have advanced mental powers.
- Bierce appears as the main character and narrator in the story "The Oxoxoco Bottle" by Gerald Kersh. The bulk of the story purports to be a manuscript written by Bierce on his last journey in Mexico, and relates a very strange adventure. The manner of his death, however, remains a mystery at the end.
- Bierce is referenced in the song "The Fall of Ambrose Bierce" by 'The Stiletto Formal'.
- Bierce is depicted as a detective in series of mystery novels by Oakley Hall, including Ambrose Bierce and the Queen of Spades and Ambrose Bierce and the Death of Kings.
- In DC Comics's miniseries Stanley and His Monster, Bierce (or at least a character claiming to be Bierce) appears as a sardonic trenchcoat-clad adventurer into the supernatural, very similar to John Constantine; although Bierce derides Constantine as a clown, he admits that he and Constantine are but two of several trenchcoated occult adventurers at large in the world, perhaps an implication by the writer that the archetype of the sarcastic commentator on the occult, exemplified by Constantine, can be traced back to Bierce as narrator of his own horror stories. When the comic book Bierce learns that the boy Stanley's friend, the nameless Monster, is a demon, he considers vanquishing him, but soon realizes that the Monster is a benevolent demon and instead helps Stanley and his friend against other demons.
- The Devil's Dictionary.
- Tales of Soldiers and Civilians (AKA In the Midst of Life) (1892)
- Can Such Things Be? (1893)
- Collected Works (1909)
Selected Short Stories by Ambrose Bierce
- Adams, Anthony. Edgar Alan Poe and Ambrose Bierce (Harrap, London: 1976)
- Anderson, D.D. "Can Ohio and the Midwest Claim Ambrose Bierce?" Ohioana 16 (Summer 1973), 84-89
- Andrews, W.L. "Some New Ambrose Bierce Fables" American Literary Realism 8 (Autumn 1975), 349-52
- "Another Attempt To Boost Bierce To ImmortaLity," Current Opinion, LXV (September, 1918), 184-5
- Bahr, Howard W. "Ambrose Bierce and Realism" Southern Quarterly 1 (July 1963), 309-31
- Barrett, Gerald R. From Fiction to Film: Ambrose Bierce's "An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge" (Dickenson Publishing Company, Encino: 1973)
- Barry, Richard. "The Mystery of Ambrose Bierce" The Mentor (June 1921), pg. 34
- Bennett, Raine. "Bohemian Supper" Touring Topics (September 1933), pp. 22-4
- Berkove, Lawrence. "Arms and the Man: Ambrose Bierce's Response to War" Michigan Academician 1 (1969), 21-30
- Berkove, Lawrence. "'Hades In Trouble': A Rediscovered Story by Ambrose Bierce" American Literary Realism 25, 67-84
- Berkove, Lawrence. "The Man with the Burning Pen: Ambrose Bierce as Journalist" Journal of Popular Culture 15 (Feb. 1981), 34-40
- Berkove, Lawrence. "The Impossible Dreams: Ambrose Bierce on Utopia and America" Huntington Library Quarterly 44 (Autumn 1981), 283-92
- Berkove, Lawrence. "A Strange Adventure: The Story Behind a Bierce Tale" American Literary Realism 14 (1981), 70-76
- Berkove, Lawrence. A Prescription for Adversity: The Moral Art of Ambrose Bierce (Ohio State University Press: 2002)
- Bierce, Helen. "Ambrose Bierce at Home" The American Mercury 30 (120, Dec. 1933), 453-458
- Bishop, Morris. "The Mystery of Ambrose Bierce" The New Yorker 23 (1, Feb. 26, 1949), 31-32
- Born, LeRoy A. A Defense of the Devil: The World, the Flesh, and Satan Coming Into Their Own (Haldeman-Julius Publications, Girard: 1929)
- Bosse, David. "From Maps To The Macabre: Ambrose Bierce as a Topographer" Geography and Map Division Bulletin 144 (June 1986), 2-15
- Bower-Shore, Clifford. "Ambrose Bierce," The Bookman (London), Vol. LXXVIII, No. 467 (August, 1930), 283-84
- Boyton, Percy H. "Ambrose Bierce," More Contempory Americans (University of Chicago Press, 1927), 75-95
- Braddy, Haldeen. "Ambrose Bierce and de Maupassant" American Notes & Queries 1 (April-May 1941), 67-68
- Braddy, Haldeen. "Trailing Ambrose Bierce," American Notes and Queries, I (April, May, 1941), 5-6, 20
- Brazil, John R. "Behind the Bitterness: Ambrose Bierce in Text and Context" American Literary Realism 13 (1980), 225-37
- Brown, J.S. Cowley. "The American Kipling." Black and White (Jan. 7, 1899)
- Cann, Louise Gebhard. "Ambrose Bierce: A Rejected Guest," The Stratford Journal, II (June, 1918), 38-48
- Casey, Robert J. The Black Hills (Indianapolis: 1949)
- Cli>ens, William M. "The Art of Ambrose Bierce," The Biblio IV (July, 1924), 676-7
- Conlogue, William. "A Haunting Memory: Ambrose Bierce and the Ravine of the Dead" Studies in Short Fiction 28 (Winter 1991), 21-29
- Cooper, A.B. "Ambrose Bierce, an Appraisal" Bookman 33 (July 1911), 471-78
- Couser, Thomas G. "Writing the Civil War: Ambrose Bierce's 'Jupiter Doke, Brigadier-General'" Studies in American Fiction 18 (Spring 1990), 87-98
- Cozzens, Peter. "The Tormenting Flame" Civil War Times Illustrated XXXV, 1 (April, 1996), pp. 44-55
- Dalby, Richard. "The Stories of Ambrose Bierce." Book And Magazine Collector 99 (June 1992), pp. 12-22
- Davidson, Cathy N. Critical Essays on Ambrose Bierce (G.K. Hall, Boston: 1982)
- Davidson, Cathy N. The Experimental Fictions of Ambrose Bierce: Scrutinizing the Ineffable (University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln: 1984)
- Davidson, Cathy N. "Literary Semantics and the Fiction of Ambrose Bierce" ETC: A Review of General Semantics 31 (1974), 263-71
- DeCastro, Adolphe Danzinger. "Ambrose Bierce as he really was; an intimate account of his Life and death" American Parade (Oct. 1926), 28-44
- DeCastro, Adolphe Danzinger. Bierce Wrote For Fun (Morrison, Los Angeles: 1949)
- DeCastro, Adolphe Danzinger. Portrait of Ambrose Bierce (Century Company: 1929)
- DeCastro, Adolphe Danzinger. Portrait of Ambrose Bierce (Beakman Publishers, NY: 1974)
- Dibble, R.F. "Ambrose Bierce," Overland Monthly Vol. LXXIV, No. 5 (November, 1919), 418-22
- Dickson, S.B. "The Story of Ambrose Bierce," Sunset Magazine, Vol. LXIII, No. 4 (October, 1929), 15-6
- Ditko, Steve; Adams, Neal. "An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge," Eerie, No. 9 (May, 1967)
- East, H. M., Jr. "Bierce--The Warrior Writer" Overland Monthly (June 1915)
- "English Tribute To The Genius of Ambrose Bierce," Curren Opinion LVIII (June, 1915), 427
- Fatout, Paul. "Ambrose Bierce" American Literary Realism 1 (Fall 1967), 13-19
- Fatout, Paul. "Ambrose Bierce Writes About War." TheBook Club of California Quarterly, XVI (Fall, 1951), 75-9
- Fatout, Paul. "Ambrose Bierce Civil War Topographer." American Literature, XXVI (November 1954), 391-400
- Fatout, Paul. Ambrose Bierce and the Black Hills (University of Oklahoma Press, Norman: 1956)
- Fatout, Paul. Ambrose Bierce, the Devil's Lexicographer (University of Oklahoma Press, Norman: 1951)
- Field, B.S., Jr. "Ambrose Bierce as Comic." Western Humanities Review 31 (1977): 173-80.
- Follett, Wilson. "Ambrose Bierce: An Analysis of the Perverse Wit that Shaped His Work" Bookman 68 (Nov. 1928), 284-89
- Follett, Wilson. "Ambrose, Son of Marcus Aurelius" Atlantic Monthly (July 1937), 32-42
- Follett, Wilson. "America's Neglected Satirist" Dial 65 (July, 18, 1918), 49-52
- Follett, Wilson. "Bierce in His Brilliant Obscurity," New York Times, October 11, 1936.
- Fortenberry, G.E. "Ambrose Bierce: A Critical Bibliography and Secondary Comment" American Literary Realism 4 (Winter 1971), 11-16
- Fraser, J.M. "Points South: Ambrose Bierce, Jorge Luis Borges" Studies in 20th-Century Literature 1 (1977), 173-81
- French, Joseph Lewis. "Ambrose Bierce," Pearson's Magazine Vol. 39, No. 4 (August, 1918), 245-7
- Friedrick, Otto. "The Passion of Death in Ambrose Bierce," Zero. II (Spring, 1956), 72-94
- Frink, Maurice. "A Sidelight on Ambrose Bierce" Book Notes (August 1923), 154
- Gaer, Joseph. Ambrose Gwinett Bierce: bibliography and biographical data (Burt Franklin: 1935)
- Gaer, Joseph. Ambrose Gwinett Bierce: bibliography and biographical data (B. Franklin, NY: 1968)
- Gaer, Joseph. Ambrose Gwinett Bierce: bibliography and biographical data (Folcroft Press, Folcroft: 1969) (Buy it)
- Gaer, Joseph. Ambrose Gwinett Bierce: bibliography and biographical data (Norwood Editions, Norwood: 1976)
- Gaer, Joseph. Ambrose Gwinett Bierce: bibliography and biographical data (R. West, Philadelphia: 1977)
- Gale, Robert L. An Ambrose Bierce Companion (Greenwood Press, Westport: 2001)
- Garnett, Porter. "Poetics, Bierce and Sterling," Pacific Monthly, Vol. XVIII, No. 5 (November, 1907), 553-58
- Gerhold, Hans. Medientransfer: Kuizgeschichicten in Kurzfilmen: der Civil War und seine Khunstleusche Verarbeitung Dargestellt an den short stories von Ambrose Bierce und ihren filminschen adaptionen von Robert Enrico [A study on the transfer of written story to film in Robert Enrico's trilogy of Bierce films.] (Lit, Mhunster: 1983)
- Goldstein, Jesse Sidney. "Edwin Markham, Ambrose Bierce, and the Man with a Hoe." Modern Language Notes 58 (March 1943), 165-75
- Grattan, C. Hartley. Bitter Bierce: a Mystery of American Letters (Doubleday, Doran & Company, Inc., Garden City: 1929)
- Grattan, C. Hartley. Bitter Bierce: A Mystery of American Letters (Cooper Square Publishers, NY: 1966)
- Grattan, C. Hartley. "The ideas of a perfect cynic" The American Parade 3 (2, Jan.-Mar. 1929), 107-111
- Grattan, C. Hartley. "Ambrose Bierce: Notorius Obscurian," The Reviewer V (October, 1925), 103-8
- Grenander, Mary Elizabeth. Ambrose Bierce (Twayne Publishers, NY: 1971)
- Grenander, Mary Elizabeth. "Ambrose Bierce and Charles Warren Stoddard: Some Unpublished Correspondence" Huntington Library Quarterly 23 (May 1960), 261-92
- Grenander, Mary Elizabeth. "Ambrose Bierce and Cobwebs from an Empty skull: A Note on BAL 1100 and 1107" Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America 69 (May 1960), 261-92
- Grenander, Mary Elizabeth. "Ambrose Bierce, John Camden Hotten, The Fiend's Delight, and Nuggets and Dust" Huntington Library Quarterly 28 (August 1965), 353-71
- Grenander, Mary Elizabeth. "Au Coeur de la vie: A French translation of Ambrose Bierce," Boston University Studies In English, I (Winter 1955-6), 237-41
- Grenander, Mary Elizabeth. "Bierce's Turn of the Screw: Tales of Ironical Terror." Western Humanities Review 11 (Summer 1957), 257-63
- Grenander, Mary Elizabeth. "California's Albion: Mark Twain, Ambrose Bierce, Tom Hood, John Camden Hotten, and Andrew Chatto." Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America 72 (1978), 457-62
- Grenander, Mary Elizabeth. "H.L. Mencken to Ambrose Bierce." Book Club of California Quarterly News Letter 22 (Winter 1956), 5-10
- Grenander, Mary Elizabeth. "Seven Ambrose Bierce Letters." Yale University Library Gazette 32 (July 1957), 12-8
- Gribble, Francis. "The Ambrose Bierce Mystery," The Biblio, IV (July, 1924), 673-5
- Guelzo, Allen C. "Bierce's Civil War." Civil War Times Illustrated (September 1981), 36-45
- Gullette, Alan. "Ambrose Bierce: A Literary Analysis" Ambrosia 1, 1 (June, 1974), pp 4-14
- Hall, Carroll C. Bierce and the Poe Hoax (Book Club of California, San Francisco: 1934)
- Harris, Leon. "Satan's Lexicographer" American Heritage 28 (April 1972), 57-63
- Harte, Walter Blackburn. "A Tribute to Ambrose Bierce," The Biblio, Vol. IV, No. 1 (July, 1924), 680-1
- Hartwell, Ronald. "What Hemmingway Learned from Ambrose Bierce." Research Studies 38 (December 1970): 309-11.
- Hayden, Brad. "Ambrose Bierce: The Esthetics of a Derelict Romantic" Gypsy Scholar 7 (1980), 3-14
- Highsmith, James Milton. "The forms of Burlesque in The Devil's Dictionary" Satire Newsletter (Spring 1970), 115-27
- Inkersley, Arthur. "Californian Literature" San Francisco News Letter (Christmas 1897)
- Joshi, S.T. "The Fiction of Ambrose Bierce: A Bibliographical Survey." Studies In Weird Fiction (Summer 1998), 23, pp 31-7
- Joshi, S.T. "Ambrose Bierce: Horror as Satire" The Weird Tale (University of Texas Press, Austin: 1990)
- Joshi, S.T. and Shultz, David E. Ambrose Bierce: An Annotated Bibliography of Primary Sources (Greenwood Press, Westport: 1999)
- Keton, Edna. "Ambrose Bierce and 'Moxton's Master,'" Bookman LXII (September, 1925), 71-9
- King, Florence. With Charity Towards None, A Fond Look At Misanthropy (St. Martin's Press, NY: 1994)
- Klien, Marcus. "San Francisco and Her Hateful Ambrose Bierce" Hudson Review 7 (Autumn 1954), 392-407
- Leary, Lewis, "Bierce in Business," Saturday Review of Literature, June 9, 1956, p.20
- Leider, Emily. "'Your Picture Hangs in My Salon': The Letters of Gertrude Atherton to Ambrose Bierce." California History (Winter 1981-2), 333-49
- Lesparre, Christiane. L'impossible monsieur Bierce ["The Impossible Mr. Bierce"] (B. Grasset, Paris: 1981)
- Lewis, Oscar. Bay Window Bohemia (Doubleday & Company, Ann Arbor: 1983)
- Lindley, Daniel. "The Devil and Ambrose Bierce," Biblio (June 1998), Vol. 3, #7, pp 24-31
- Lindley, Daniel. Ambrose Bierce Takes on the Railroad: The Journalist As Muckraker and Cynic (Greenwood Press, Westport: 1999)
- Littell, Robert. "Bitter Bierce" New Republic (Oct. 15, 1924)
- Logan, Andy. The Man Who Robbed The Robber Barons (New York: 1978)
- Logan, F.J. "The Wry Seriousness of 'Owl Creek Bridge'" American Literary Realism 10 (Spring 1977), 101-13
- Mahoney, Tom. "The End of Ambrose Bierce" Esquire (February 1936), 62, 149-50
- Marcus, F.H. "Film and Fiction: 'An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge'" California English Journal 7 (1971), 14-23
- Mariani, Giorgio. "Ambrose Bierce's Civil War Stories and the Critique of the Martial Spirit" Studies in American Fiction 19 (Autumn 1991), 221-8
- Matthews, Jack. "Poems of Ambrose Bierce" (Essay Review) The Ohio Review (1997, #56), 155-162
- McDevitt, William. Ambrose Bierce on Richard Realf (San Francisco, 1948)
- McGinty, Brian. "His Bones Were Never Found" American History Illustrated (January-February 1990), 52-7
- McWilliams, Carey. Ambrose Bierce: A Biography (Albert & Charles Barney, NY: 1929)
- McWilliams, Carey. Ambrose Bierce: A Biography (Archon Books, Hamden: 1967)
- McWilliams, Carey. Ambrose Bierce: A Biography (Reprint Services Corp.: 1992)
- McWilliams, Carey. "Ambrose Bierce and His First Love" Bookman 35 (June 1932), 254-59
- McWilliams, Carey. "The Mystery of Ambrose Bierce" American Mercury 22 (March 1931), 330-7
- Mencken, H.L. "Ambrose Bierce" Encore (March, 1942)
- Mencken, H.L. "The Ambrose Bierce Mystery" American Mercury 18 (September 1929), 124-6
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