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Changes from the paleolithic to the neolithic age

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There were changes that occurred from the Paleolithic Period to the Neolithic. Small changes were made in this time, from the culture, to bigger changes like economics, and agriculture. How did man deal with these changes and what kind of impact did it have on society? The Paleolithic Period is the earliest time period man has been alive, and the longest of the Stone Age's. It dates from 2,000,000 B.C to 10,000 BC The people of the Paleolithic Period lived simple lives, which consisted primarily of survival. Man's life was simply to hunt, eat, and survive, while the woman’s job was to gather and watch over the children. The people of the Paleolithic Age were mostly nomads. To survive they had to travel everywhere, and follow the migration of animals; as the animals were there primary food source. Whenever they decided to stay, they lived mostly in caves, tree trunks, and those types of shelter. They had to eat, and to do that they had to kill the animals. They did this by using tools as weapons. The tools were mainly stone, bone, and ivory. They could make the weapons into hatchets, knives, and spearheads. The use of tools is one important development that took place in this time period. The Old Stone Age (Paleolithic Age) is also the step forward in technology and religion. The people of this time discovered how to control fire, and use it in their everyday needs. These needs include, heat, protection, and cooking. Scientists are still not sure whether people of this time had religion like we do today, but artifacts show that they had a primitive type of religion. The Neolithic Period extended from 10,000 B.C to 3,000 BC. It is also called the New Stone Age, and many new advances and changes took place in this time. Unlike the nomadic life of the Old Stone Age, the New Stone Age was the dawning of settled life. People lived more towards lakes and rivers instead of caves, and tree trunks. This led to the change of the jobs of the society. Unlike Paleolithic time's, man could have more leisure time to spend. This led him to broaden the society he was living in and led to increased populations in the Neolithic Age. The more people there were the more discovery man made during this time. The invention of agriculture led to the settled life. Since man no longer needed to roam, all they had to do was put a seed in the ground and watch it grow. Tool and weaponry became more advanced, and pottery and the potters wheel was invented. The societies of Paleolithic man were far different then that of the Neolithic man. The Old Stone Age societies had no time for other actives then what was necessary to survive. They did not invent many new things, and were constantly moving and changing their environment. Societies in he New Stone Age were a settled people, who constantly improved their lifestyle’s to make it easier to live by. Job's of the women no longer consisted of gathering, it consisted of growing the crops, since agriculture was a new provider of food. In conclusion, the lives of the people living in the Paleolithic and the Neolithic time period were different in many ways and a like also. Through the improvements in technology, education, and culture they were able to enhance the quality of life throughout these two periods. As man’s mind increased, it led into the new age, and the start of what may be civilization, as we know it.


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The Stone Age

The Stone Age shaped, developed and formed our modern day form of living.

There are numerous facts and events that have occurred throughout time that are

evidence of this.

"The Stone Age began as far back as two million years ago in some

places" (www.bergen.org, April, 1997). This was when neanderthals were

roaming the world using primitive weapons to hunt animals as well as searching

for other sources of food. Since that time the ways of living and even the shape of

man have evolved greatly into their modern form. The men of those times

were hunter-gatherers and used, in some cases only one tool for numerous jobs.

Today we have many varieties of tools that any man has access to just for doing

the simplest of jobs. People of the Stone Age began this way of living hundreds

of thousands of years ago and it is still used greatly, with the help of computers.

That way of living formed what we are today because of the fact that we still live

a sort of hunter-gathering way of life. In the sense that we still have many

farmers and hunters that roam the wild for food so that they can get cash in

return. The Stone Age was also where farming began which was very

important then and now. Many countries rely on their crops to supply them

with either food or money. Settlements began to take place during this time

which have a great impact on how we live today. Settlements are all over the

world in different shapes, sizes and with different cultures and people within.

These are some of the reasons why the Stone Age has shaped and developed our

modern day form of living.

Farming was a very important part of life in the Stone Age. "The

world's first farmers lived in Abu Hureyra" (Rowley-Conwy, 1993, p. 27). Abu

Hureyra is located near Mesopotamia on the Euphrates River and farming

began between 9000 BC and 7000 BC. Farming is and was a very important

source of food and income for the ancient civilizations. Farming, with

technology advanced greatly. With these advancements in farming equipment it has

made modern day farming easier and we are now able to finish relatively large

jobs in only a matter of days or even hours. Because of Abu Hureyra farming is

now in every corner of the world. without this way of life many civilizations

would be in trouble or maybe not even exist. Saskatchewan for example would

not be as wealthy as it is without farming, in fact we would be nothing because

our ways of living revolve around agriculture. Farming is a very reliable source

of food and income because there is always a season to farm in out of the year.

The only problem with farming is there is only one season to farm in, where as

hunters can hunt any time of the year. This new way of life developed and shaped

many forms of civilizations throughout the world.

Another important part of farming and even all of life was the development

and the use of tools. Tools were also very important for many ancient civilizations

as well as the modern civilizations. Tools come in all different shapes and sizes and

are used for different types of work. Ancient tools were made of chipped stone

which were then sharpened and polished-up so they could later be used as weapons

, equipment for farming or utensils. Tools play a key role in the development of

man because without tools man would not have been able to farm effectively, hunt

effectively, skin animal hides, eat with utensils and many other reasons like building

homes.

Settlements are very important in our modern day life. Nearly every

culture or group of people develop a settlement or a way of being civilized at some

point in time. The Stone Age was the period which developed the idea of settlements

and because of this way of thinking nearly every group of people in the world

have developed a type of settlement. The Stone Age has helped us in many ways,

but without the development of settlements we would have little or no money

because lot's of money is made within groups of people or settlements. Settlements

have helped many cultures develop ways of making money. When one group of

people start making money it drives other people to make money and they later

feed off of each other until they become fairly wealthy. We have developed greatly

from settlements because it has helped us mature economically. We now have a

good sense of how to make money off of things made within settlements. Because of

the Stone Age and their settlements we now have a very organized way of living.

The Stone Age shaped and developed our modern day form of living. The

people of the Stone Age had a great impact on the ways that we lived. Those four

main ways are listed above. The Stone Age lasted about two million years ago in

some places and because of the vast time span it took-up, it was divided into three

periods which are the Paleolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic eras. Some of which

lasted longer than others. If the era which we are in now could last that long we still

could not develop such things as farming, settlements and tools. However if it did

last that long the tools, farming equipment and settlements would be much more

advanced than that of those times. We would develop things like computers and

cars, but never could we again invent farming or start making the first tools again.

Most of the things that were developed during the Stone Age are very important

things, things that we need to live. Without the era of the Stone Age the earth

would amount to nothing, we would still be neanderthals roaming around the earth

living a hunter-gatherer way of life. Their would even be more wars today without

the coming of the Stone Age because we would have no organization and groups of

people would be killing each other for no reason. The Stone Age was a very-much

needed era because of the development of farming, tools, settlements and even the

ways in which man developed during this time. The Stone Age had the biggest role

and greatest effect on what we are today.

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